BUACC5931 Assignment 1 Questions Associations between Quantitative, Qualitative Job Insecurity…

Recent Question/Assignment BUACC5931 Assignment 1 QuestionsAssociations between Quantitative,Qualitative Job Insecurity and Well-beingResearch questionsDe Witte et al. (2010) investigated the association of employee'sperception of quantitative and…

Recent Question/Assignment BUACC5931 Assignment 1 QuestionsAssociations between Quantitative,Qualitative Job Insecurity and Well-beingResearch questionsDe Witte et al. (2010) investigated the association of employee’sperception of quantitative and qualitative job insecurity with jobsatisfaction, and psychological distress in the Belgium bankingsector.Job insecurity is defined as the employees’ concerns about theirwork-related future. There are two kinds of job insecurities, thequantitative job insecurity and the qualitative job insecurity. Thequantitative job insecurity is about the threat to the continuationof the job in the future. The qualitative job insecurity is aboutthreat to the various valued aspects of the job, such as jobcontent or working conditions.Data collection and respondentsIn total, there were 69,000 employees working in the 63 Belgianbanks affiliated to the sector’s joint industrial committee in2001. As questioning all employees would be too expensive, theresearchers decided to survey a sample of 15,000 employees(roughly 21 %).All the 63 banks participated in the survey. About 21% ofemployees in each bank were invited to participate in the survey.Within each bank, the respondents were selected at random withno particular quota for gender, age or employee level. Thesurvey was based on addresses which had been provided by thebanks (name, language, address) and each randomly selectedemployee received a personalized envelope through regularmail, sent to him/her by the employer. The completedquestionnaire needed to be returned (free of charge) through [email protected] 88%questionnaire needed to be returned (free of charge) through theinternal post within each bank. The researchers travelled to eachbank to collect the completed survey.The sample was representative for employees in the bankingsector, however, not for the total working population. More men(58.5 percent) than women (41.5 percent) participated. Abouttwo in three respondents were between 35 and 44 years old orbetween 45 and 54 years old, while about one in four wasbetween 25 and 34 years old. Only a minority (4 percent) wasyounger than 24 or older than 55. Most respondents had aneducation beyond high school (63.9 percent), had partners withan income and children (72.4 percent), and worked full-time (85percent). There were about as many white-collar workers (54.4percent) as executives (45.6 percent).MeasuresQuantitative job insecurity was measured with four itemsdeveloped by De Witte (2000) on a scale from I (stronglydisagree) to 4 (strongly agree). Sample items were -I feelinsecure about the future of my job-‘ and -l am sure that I willbe able to keep my job- (reverse coded). Reliability (Cronbach’salpha) equalled .89.Qualitative job insecurity was measured with ten items from the17 item measure that was originally proposed by Ashford, Lee,and Bobko (1989). These job features concerned four broaddimensions previously distinguished to describe the variouscharacteristics of a job: job content (autonomy, skill utilization,and specific tasks), working conditions (workload and quality ofworking conditions), employment conditions (wage, workinghours, and opportunities for promotion), and social relations atwork (relations with colleagues and supervisors, respectively).Respondents had to indicate whether each of the job featureswould likely improve or deteriorate in the near future (I —strongly deteriorate; 5 = strongly improve). We recoded theitems so that a high score reflected qualitative job insecurity.Cronbach’s alpha equalled .87.Job satisfaction was measured with one item: -Overall, howsatisfied are you with your current job?- (l = very dissatisfied; 5= very satisfied).Psychological distress was measured with the 12-item version ofJob satisfaction was measured with one item: -Overall, howsatisfied are you with your current job?- (l = very dissatisfied; 5= very satisfied).Psychological distress was measured with the 12-item version ofthe General Health Questionnaire (Goldberg, 1978). A sampleitem was -Have you recently lost much sleep over worry?-Responses varied from 1 (-less than usual-) to 4 (-much morethan usual-). Reliability (Cronbach’s alpha) was .89.Control variables. The following social demographics and work-related factors were included: gender (0 men; 1 women), age18-24; 2 = 25-34; 335—44; 4 = 45—54; 5education (O = no education beyond high school; 1 = educationbeyond high school), extra income (0 no partner with extraincome; I —partner with extra income), children (O = nochildren; 1 = children), occupational position (0 = white-collarworker; I executive), working hours (0 = part-time; 1 = full-time).The demographics were used as control variables in dataanalysis.Instructions for answering the questionsUse at least four academic sources in English to answer thequestions. The sources can be books or peer reviewed journalarticles or a combination of both books and peer reviewedjournal articles. The academic sources as well as responding tothe questions will be around 2000 words in total.QI: Sample sizeThe sample size for this study is fifteen thousand employeesselected from a total of 69,000 bank employees (about 21% ofthe employees). Is a sample of this size necessary? Give yourreasons.Q2: Sampling methodWhat is the current method of sampling? What are theadvantages and disadvantages of the current sampling method?Q3: Measures of variablesGive your comments on the reliability and validity of measuresof the variables.Q2: Sampling methodWhat is the current method of sampling? What are theadvantages and disadvantages of the current sampling method?Q3: Measures of variablesGive your comments on the reliability and validity of measuresof the variables.Q4: Collection of data on social demographicsThe purpose of this research is to find the associations betweenquantitative and qualitative job insecurity and well-being.However, data on variables such as gender, age, education level,extra income were also collected. What is the purpose ofcollecting data on variables such as gender, age, educationallevel etc.?Q5: Research designWhat research design is used for current research? What are thepositive and negative side of the current research design?ReferencesAshford, S. J., Lee, C., & Bobko, P. (1989). CONTENT, CAUSE,AND CONSEQUENCES OF JOB INSECURITY: A THEORY-BASED MEASURE AND SUBSTANTIVE TEST. Academy ofManagement Journal, 32(4), 803-829. doi:10.2307/256569De Witte, H. (2000). Arbeidsethos en jobonzekerheid: meting engevolgen voor welzijn, tevredenheid en inzet op het werk(Work Ethic and Job Insecurity: Measurement andConsequences for Well-Being, Satisfaction, and Performanceat Work). In van groep naar gemeenschap, ed. R. Bouwen, K.De Witte, H. De Witte, and T. Taillieu, 325—350. Leuven:Garant. Goldberg, D. P. (1978). Manual ofthe General HealthQuestionnaire. Windsor, UK: NFER-Nelson.De Witte, H., De Cuyper, N., Handaja, Y., Sverke, M , Näswall, K.,& Hellgren, J. (2010). Associations between quantitative andqualitative job insecurity and well-being A test in Belgianbanks. International Studies of Management & Organization,40(1), 40-56. doi:10.2753/1M00020-8825400103Page 3 of 3 Let’s block ads! (Why?)

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