Chapter 7: multiple choice questions

Chapter 7: Multiple choice questions Question 1 An operational definition is: a) One that bears no relation to the underlying conceptb) An abstract, theoretical definition…

Chapter 7: Multiple choice questions

Question 1
An operational definition is:
a) One that bears no relation to the underlying conceptb) An abstract, theoretical definition of a conceptc) A definition of a concept in terms of specific, empirical measuresd) One that refers to opera singers and their work
Question 2The importance of measurement in quantitative research is that:
a) It allows us to delineate fine differences between people or casesb) It provides a consistent device or yardstickc) It allows for precise estimates of the degree of relationship between conceptsd) All of the above
Question 3
The difference between measures and indicators is that:a) Measures are unambiguous quantities, whereas indicators are devised from common sense understandingsb) Indicators have a more direct relationship to the underlying concept than measuresc) Measures are intuitively devised and then applied as if they were direct indicators of a conceptd) Indicators are unambiguous quantities, whereas measures are subjective and value-laden
Question 4
The split-half method is used as a test of:
a) Stabilityb) Internal reliabilityc) Inter-observer consistencyd) External validity
Question 5
Which of the following is not a form of measurement validity?
a) Concurrent validityb) Face validityc) Conductive validityd) Convergent validity
Question 6
Quantitative social researchers rarely claim to have established causality because:
a) They are more concerned with publishing the results of their reliability testsb) They do not believe that this is an appropriate goal to be striving forc) They keep forgetting which of the variables they have manipulatedd) They tend to use cross-sectional designs, which produce only correlationsQuestion 7
One of the preoccupations of quantitative researchers is with generalization, which is a sign of:
a) External validityb) Internal reliabilityc) External reliabilityd) Internal validity
Question 8
Quantitative research has been criticised because:
a) The measurement process suggests a spurious and artificial sense of accuracyb) The reliance on instruments and procedures makes it high in ecological validityc) It underestimates the similarities between objects in the natural and social worldsd) All of the above
Question 9
The term ‘reverse operationism’ means that:
a) The theories we devise will often hinder our attempts to measure conceptsb) The measurements we devise can sometimes help to develop a theoryc) Techniques such as factor analysis have no place in social researchd) Driving instructors always make you practice the most difficult manoeuvreQuestion 10
Written accounts of quantitative research rarely include the results of reliability and validity tests because:
a) Researchers are more interested in reporting their operational definitionsb) Researchers don’t really think that these tests are importantc) Journal editors have banned these kinds of articlesd) Researchers are more interested in reporting their substantive findings

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