Crisis Management Paper and Presentation

You and your team have started a consultant business that specializes in planning for crisis management occurrences associated with physical or personal protection issues. Your…

You and your team have started a consultant business that specializes in planning for crisis management occurrences associated with physical or personal protection issues. Your company has been asked to prepare a presentation for the management team to consider.Research five crisis management situations associated with physical or personal protection issues.Prepare a 200-word paper that explains the following: ·Provide strategies for dealing with the media in a crisis.·.Prepare a 2-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation based on your paper. An expected 200 million individuals from 29 nations including India are seriously influenced because of fluoride contamination. Ingestion of fluoride past the WHO suggested admissible level (1.5 mg/l) is related with dental and skeletal fluorosis and other harmful reactions while deficient admission of fluoride is related with dental caries. Normal enduring of different minerals (like apatite, fluorite, topaz, fluorspar, and mica) gives fluoride to soils. In site-explicit cases a few ventures (predominantly phosphorous manure plants; steel, aluminum, zinc, refining enterprises; glass and artistic businesses, and so forth) are additionally answerable for fluoride defilement of soils. Fluoride gets moved from debased water system water to developed yields, vegetables and natural products. This bioaccumulation of fluoride contributes further fluoride to the human natural way of life notwithstanding the drinking water pathway, and in this way it is making bigger hazard the as of now fluoride-pollution influenced populace. Besides, this new road of fluoride exceptionally jeopardizes the most helpless newborn children and youngsters towards dental fluorosis. The ‘Nalgonda’ and ‘actuated alumina’ forms are the most ordinarily utilized defluoridation procedures of drinking water. Be that as it may, an appropriate, proficient, easy to understand and financially savvy procedure for defluoridation is yet to be created. Equivalent accentuations are to be given on production of mindfulness in individuals in regards to fluorosis and confinement of utilization of fluoride-debased groundwater for water system reason. Catchphrases Fluorosis; Fluoride contamination; Fluoride bioaccumulation; Fluoride in natural pecking order Presentation Moderate to high centralization of fluoride in groundwater is accounted for to be one of the major natural issues of Algeria, Brazil, Canada, China, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Iran, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Malawi, Mexico, Norway, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Turkey, and the USA (WHO 2006a; Brindha and Elango 2011) compromising an expected 200 million individuals (Bhattacharya and Chakrabarti 2011). Fluoride can be found in various natural segments began from mineral sources, barometrical sources, and geothermal sources. After its disintegration from endured shake it gets versatile, and it enters soil, groundwater, developed yields, products of the soil contingent upon the predominant geographical operators. The common reason which prompts high fluoride focus in groundwater is the disintegration of fluorite, apatite, and topaz from bedrocks (Suthar et al. 2008). In addition, diverse anthropogenic impacts like utilization of phosphate manures and pesticides, release of untreated or halfway treated sewage and muck in groundwater, overexploitation of groundwater for water system, and so forth., are likewise liable for the expansion of fluoride focus in groundwater (EPA 1997; Ramanaiah et al. 2006). Fluoride in groundwater is for the most part of land starting point. Waters with significant levels of fluoride content are for the most part found at the foot of high mountains and in regions where the ocean has made land stores. Ingestion of abundance fluoride, most regularly by means of drinking water (different sources are nourishment, modern gas and over the top utilization of toothpaste), can cause ‘fluorosis’ which influences the teeth and bones (WHO 2006b). Moderate measures of fluoride lead to dental impacts, however long haul ingestion of a lot of fluoride can prompt possibly serious skeletal and other unfavorable issues. Incomprehensibly, low degrees of fluoride admission help to avert dental caries. The control of drinking water quality is in this way basic in avoiding fluorosis. The related human wellbeing dangers from fluoride can be extensively arranged as: dental impacts, skeletal impacts, regenerative impacts, formative impacts, renal impacts, neurological impacts, endocrine impacts, and cancer-causing impacts. In this manner, the World Health Organization (WHO) has made 1.5 mg/l as far as possible for fluoride in drinking water (WHO 2006a). Fluorosis is endemic in 20 out of all out 29 conditions of India, spreading over 65% of the complete provincial residences of the nation (UNICEF 1999). In excess of 65 million Indians including 6,000,000 youngsters are in danger because of the nearness of fluoride past the attractive 1.5 mg/l level in drinking water (Andezhath et al. 1999; UNICEF 1999). High centralization of fluoride in groundwater has been essentially detailed from various districts of Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal (PHED Report 2007; Chatterjee et al. 2008; Salve et al. 2008; Sankararamakrishnan et al. 2008; Suthar et al. 2008; Mishra et al. 2009; Kundu and Mandal 2009a; Bhattacharya and Chakrabarti 2011; Brindha et al. 2011; Dar et al. 2011; Chakrabarti and Bhattacharya 2013; Samal et al. 2015; Bhattacharya 2016). The present survey centers around the osmosis of applicable information and data on at various times status of fluoride pollution in India, versatility of fluoride in biological systems, and the related human medical problems. Fluoride defilement in water—sources, centrality versus danger Fluoride is available in practically all groundwater, however the level of absolute fluoride that is leachable shifts generally with shake types (Lirong et al. 2006). The kinds of minerals, home time, and atmosphere basically control disintegration of fluoride from bedrock (Hem 1985). The pH, hardness, ionic quality, and other water quality parameters likewise have significant jobs in site-explicit cases impacting mineral solvency, complexation, and sorption/trade responses (Apambire et al. 1997). The basic fluoride-bearing minerals being sparingly solvent discharge fluoride to water gradually except for villiaumite (Saxena and Ahmed 2003). Disintegration of fluorapatite gets improved within the sight of organisms which try to isolate phosphorus from the strong stage (Allen-Long 2001). Comparable is the situation of quick fluorite disintegration in sodium-bicarbonate waters (Apambire et a1. 1997) while the arrival of fluoride from dirt minerals depends emphatically on pH (Saxena and Ahmed 2003). The greatest centralization of fluoride in groundwater is typically constrained by the dissolvability of fluorite (Edmunds and Smedley 2005). Consequently the groundwater fluoride focus isn’t straightly related to the level of fluoride-bearing minerals in the geologic substrate. The impact of atmosphere on fluoride focuses in groundwater is generally reliant on the energize of groundwater through precipitation and ensuing groundwater stream (IGRAC 2003; Edmunds and Smedley 2005). Sticky tropical areas with high precipitation are less inclined to have high fluoride fixations in groundwater. This is on the grounds that dissolvable particles, for example, fluoride are drained out and weakened because of substantial precipitation. On the contrary side bone-dry conditions typically have high fluoride substance because of the low paces of groundwater revive. Low precipitation prompts delayed water-mineral connection and higher salinities in the parched condition, which further improve mineral disintegration (Smedley et al. 2002). Temperature likewise controls the solvency of fluorine-bearing minerals. The nearness of high pH, and low calcium and magnesium substance in water had been accounted for to be the two central point liable for fast filtering of fluoride and thusly coming about into raised centralization of it in water (Rao et al. 1993). Drinking water has been built up to be the significant donor for passage of fluoride in the human natural way of life (Susheela 1999). As per Wood (1974) the admission of fluoride inside the scope of 0.5–1 mg/l in water is valuable for human wellbeing. This allowed scope of fluoride helps in the generation and upkeep of solid teeth and bones. Afterward, the United States Environment Protection Agency (USEPA) updated the prescribed scope of fluoride as 0.7–1.2 mg/l (USEPA 2010). Therefore, any water test with fluoride substance 0.7 or > 1.5 mg/l ought not to be used as a wellspring of consumable water. Fluoride might be included at low levels during treatment of savoring water places which are without satisfactory amount of fluoride to help in dental and skeletal soundness of the inhabitants, particularly youngsters. Once more, exorbitant admission of fluoride causes ceaseless dental and skeletal fluorosis, which is showed by mottling of teeth in mellow cases, relaxing of bones and neurological harms in extreme cases (Steinberg et al. 1955). In India the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) and Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) have recommended 0.6–1.2 mg/l and 1.5 mg/l as the attractive range and passable point of confinement for fluoride, separately (ICMR 1975; BIS 2003). Utilization of fluoride more than 2 mg/l was accounted for to cause thick and fragile bone, and furthermore dental issues (Chatterjee et al. 2008). In any case, the United States Public Health Service (USPHS) has supported after a scope of permissible focuses for fluoride in drinking water for various districts relying upon winning climatic conditions (USPHS 1962). The USPHS contended that the measure of water expended and thus the measure of fluoride ingested being impacted basically by the air temperature of that area. Along these lines, nearness of fluoride in drinking water is frequently allegorical as two-edged sword−prolonged ingestion in abundance of the reasonable fluoride level is related with dental, and skeletal fluorosis and other lethal reactions while deficient admission of fluoride is related with dental caries. Fluoride pollution in soil−sources and significances Fluoride is the thirteenth most rich component of the world’s outside layer speaking to ~0.3 g/kg of the world’s hull. It is fundamentally present as NaF or HF, which can be found in minerals fluorspar, fluorapatite, topaz and cryolite. In the majority of the stones fluorine is available ordinarily in the scope of 100−1,300 mg/kg (Faure 1991), yet in soils fluoride content>GET ANSWERLet’s block ads! (Why?)

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