Table 1 Cross-sectional study: (Insert the title of the paper you are appraising) Critical appraisal questions Underline your answer Were the criteria for inclusion in…

Table
1 Cross-sectional study:
(Insert
the title of the paper you are appraising)

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Were
the criteria for inclusion in the sample clearly defined?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Were
the study subjects and the setting described in detail?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Was
the exposure measured in a valid and reliable way?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Were
objective, standard criteria used for measurement of the
condition?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Were
confounding factors identified?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Were
strategies to deal with confounding factors stated?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Were
the outcomes measured in a valid and reliable way?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Was
appropriate statistical analysis used?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Add additional pages if needed

Reference: (insert the reference here according
to APA 6th
edition)

Table
2 Case control study:
(Insert
the title of the paper you are appraising)

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Did
the study address a clearly focused issue?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Did
the authors use an appropriate method to answer their question?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Were
the cases recruited in an acceptable way?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Was
the exposure accurately measured to minimise bias?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Aside
from the experimental intervention, were the groups treated
equally?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Have
the authors taken account of the potential confounding factors in
the design and/or in their analysis?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Add additional pages if needed

Reference: (insert the reference here according
to APA 6th
edition)

Table
3 Cohort study:
(Insert
the title of the paper you are appraising)

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Did
the study address a clearly focused issue?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Was
the cohort recruited in an acceptable way?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Was
the exposure accurately measured to minimise bias?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Was
the outcome accurately measured to minimise bias?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Have
the authors identified all important confounding factors?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Have
they taken account of the confounding factors in the design and/or
analysis?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Was
the follow up of subjects complete enough?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Was
the follow up of subjects long enough?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Add additional pages if needed

Reference: (insert the reference here according
to APA 6th
edition)

Table
3 Randomised controlled trial:
(Insert
the title of the paper you are appraising)

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Did
the trial address a clearly focused issue?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Was
the assignment of patients to treatments randomised?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Were
all of the patients who entered the trial properly accounted for
at its conclusion?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Were
patients, health workers and study personnel ‘blind’ to
treatment?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Were
the groups similar at the start of the trial?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Critical
appraisal questions

Underline
your answer

Aside
from the experimental intervention, were the groups treated
equally?

Yes/No/Unclear

Evidence:
justification,
compare and contrasting or/and providing solution

Add additional pages if needed

Reference: (insert the reference here according
to APA 6th
edition)
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