What is your opinion concerning the use of the death penalty in the United States today? Do you think weshould continue using it and if so explain why? Do you think we should abolish it and if so explain why? Isthe death penalty used in a fair and just way or is it being used in a discriminatory manner? Do you thinkthat the death penalty is a deterrent to crime? Why or why not?
over the body, operate… according to a whole play of spaces, lines, screens, beams, degrees and without recourse, in principle at least, to excess, force or violence. It is a power that seems all the less ‘corporal in that it is more subtly ‘physical’”(193). Hence, the punishment no longer directed to the body, it is the soul of the individual that becomes a target for the appa¬ratus to apply its power and an object of the penitentiary science (222). At the turn of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, though the penalty of detention was a new thing, the more important was the introduction of “penalty to mechanisms of coercion” (216). The prison is a landmark in the history of penal justice because of its concern of humanity (216). There has been no alternative form of discipline in the development of history, because “It is not chance, it is not the whim of the legislator that has made imprisonment the base and almost the entire edifice of our present penal scale: it is the progress of ideas and the improvement in morals” (216). However, the prison as a new form of disciplinary mechanisms appeared not merely for humanity; it appeared for colonizing the legal institution and reaching closer and universally to the social body. A supposedly “equal” justice and “autonomous” legal machinery that contain “all the asymmetries of disciplinary subjection” gave birth to the modern prison—”the penalty of civilized societies” (215). As Foucault states, the disappearance of “the branded, dismembered, burnt, anni-hilated body of the tortured criminal” was followed by “the appearance of the body of the prisoner, duplicated by the individuality of the “delin¬quent” (222). Therefore, at the turn of the century, disciplinary mechanisms that once controlled the delinquents now have control over the citizens. They became a general function of society that exercised its power over all its members, in which all members were equally represented. As a result, the emergence of prison turned punishment to be a technique to coerce and train the body to requalify for society and established the authority of the administration of the penalty (222). The end of public execution and the development of legal codes of punishment signified the shift from body to soul. The systems of punishment are constructed upon the “political economy” of the body, even with the absence of violent or bloody punishment or the use of “lenient” methods such as co>GET ANSWER Let’s block ads! (Why?)