Within the Discussion Board area, write 150–200 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions with your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas.
Learning Reflections on Observational Methods
Identify 2–3 key learning points that are associated with using observation as a data-gathering process.
Be sure to address the following:
Provide an explanation of the learning point.Explain how it will be integrated into your own research process.Part II:
Artifacts or Documents as Sources of Data
Considering your understanding of how artifacts or documents could be used as a primary source of data in research, explain 2 different types of documents or artifacts that may have relevance for your own area of interest.
How would you approach the analysis of those documents or artifacts?Within the context of your assigned reading, explain 1 possible interpretation process.
This page of the article has 1439 words. Download the full form above. It is hard to envision living in a world without vehicles. In spite of the fact that it appears as though the vehicle has been around since the beginning of time, the car culture as we probably am aware it didn’t rise until Henry Ford built up the Model T and the sequential construction system (Romans). Subsequently, the large scale manufacturing of car considered less expensive autos (Guicci 2). As vehicles got less expensive, they turned out to be progressively accessible to the majority, and supplanted pretty much every other type of transportation. What was initially an enhancement of the affluent was presently accessible to every one of the (4). Be that as it may, the notoriety of the vehicle drove the developing present day issue of traffic clog, which concerns everybody (Renner 1-2). We face a daily reality such that roads turned parking lots are a regular and disappointing involvement with our every day lives, particularly in huge urban communities. Actually, a 2013 article expressed that ”Americans workers, overall, went through over seven days stranded in rush hour gridlock in 2011”, which cost every driver about $1000 of squandered gas, vehicle upkeep expenses, and lost efficiency (Forsynth standard. 1 and 9). Furthermore, the measure of gas consumed via vehicles in a road turned parking lot accomplishes more mischief to the earth than moving traffic (Sanders standard. 1). Without a doubt, traffic clog is an issue, and there are different answers for mitigate traffic blockage. This paper investigates three of the numerous answers for traffic blockage that are set up in huge regions, which incorporate the Bus Rapid Transit, the Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) all through the United States, and the tag lottery in Beijing. Baltimore exists in an area that experiences the most exceedingly terrible of the United States’ traffic blockage issues (Guckert standard. 3). ”The normal car suburbanite in the district is deferred 74 hours every year, consuming 37 gallons of gas and costing every worker $1,495 dollars annually” (standard. 3). Thus, the province of Maryland has been on the quest for financially savvy answers for facilitate the overwhelming traffic in Baltimore (standard. 2). One arrangement would be through a light rail framework. Albeit light rail is fit for decreasing traffic clog by lessening the quantity of autos out and about, it is pointlessly costly (standard. 1). In 2015, the Governor of Maryland proposed to supplant the Baltimore City’s Red Line light rail framework with Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) (standard. 1). Transport Rapid Transit (BRT) is a transport travel framework that works like light rail or metro (standard. 8-9). Light rail costs around between $150 million to $250 million for every mile, BRT can possibly cost a small amount of the value per mile (standard. 1). In spite of the fact that it is less expensive, the nature of transport isn’t at bargain (standard. 7). BRT gives the solaces that one would expect of present day rail, for example, Wi-Fi, level boarding, and off-vehicle installment frameworks (standard. 7). Notwithstanding its cost-adequacy, Bus Rapid Transit has different favorable circumstances over light rail (standard. 7). For example, Bus Rapid Transit has more adaptability than light rail in that Bus Rapid Transit can change starting with one path then onto the next or switch courses, while light rail can’t modify courses (standard. 7). BRT isn’t yet as a result in Baltimore, nonetheless, this type of mass travel in other huge urban communities has demonstrated to be useful in other huge urban communities (standard. 13). For instance, if every one of the BRT travelers in Cleveland had a vehicle, the Bus Rapid Transit would have expelled more than 29 million autos from the street since 2008 (standard. 13). By taking countless vehicles from the street, Bus Rapid Transit facilitates traffic blockage in huge urban areas, for example, Baltimore (standard. 11). Regardless of open vehicle giving a productive methods for driving that eases substantial traffic, numerous Americans still favor their autos over open transportation. Therefore, the United States is focused on controlling clog by executing clever transportation frameworks (ITS) (Meneguette 1). ”The primary objective of the ITS is to furnish the driver and travelers with a sheltered, lovely, and productive methods for transport” (2). This framework depends on correspondence between vehicles to screen the progression of vehicles out and about and the states of the street, which takes into consideration smoother traffic (2). As a vehicle goes through a specific region, it can discharge data to close by autos (2). The data is then transferred to the neighboring drivers, advising them of any early, provoking them to choose their game-plan (2). Should the disturbance in streaming rush hour gridlock bring about an enormous gathering of gradually moving vehicles out and about, the driver is then ready to change to a non-blocked course, which is proposed by the Intelligent Transportation System (2). This is particularly helpful during the amusingly called busy time in bigger urban communities and metropolitan regions, where the high thickness of autos out and about is baffling to numerous drivers (2). Truth be told, ITS has substantiated itself as a compelling technique to alleviate traffic clog, for an expanding number of vehicles are being made to fuse shrewd transportation frameworks (2). By checking streets, distinguishing roads turned parking lots, and diverting drivers to various schedules, shrewd transportation frameworks can all the more uniformly disperse autos by forestalling them to accumulate and add to blockage (2). While we, as Americans, have the alternative to drive by private transportation in a vehicle or mass travel, the Chinese have a somewhat, extraordinary answer for traffic blockage. Air quality has been an expanding worry for China, a nation known to be wrapped in brown haze, a poisonous mix of smoke and mist that is a consequence of air contamination (Liu standard. 1). One of the main supporters of brown haze in China is an aftereffect of vehicle outflows (standard. 1-2). Truth be told, vehicle exhaust includes 31.1% of air contamination in Beijing, making vehicle exhaust the city’s main air poison (standard. 2). The utilization of cars is notorious for its negative effects on the earth, and diminishing reliance upon the vehicle is fundamental for lessening air contamination, particularly in Beijing (standard. 3). Truth be told, Beijing, being one of the world’s most blocked urban areas, discharges abundant measures of harmful substances found in vehicle fumes, for example, carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxide into the effectively contaminated air (Yang standard. 16, standard. 18). Accordingly, policymakers in the city have stepped up to the plate and lighten the traffic issue by building up a tag lottery with an end goal to decrease the quantity of vehicles out and about, consequently facilitating traffic clog (standard. 2). Because of this approach, potential vehicle purchasers are required to take part in a yearly randomized lottery that disseminates tags to a predetermined number of individuals, which is required so as to buy a vehicle (”LD-Writethru” standard 2, standard. 11). Since Beijing is outstanding for its traffic clog, the tag lottery is liable for drastically diminishing the quantity of vehicles out and about (Yang standard. 4, par.11). ”In the initial scarcely any years after appropriation of the arrangement, development in the quantity of vehicles in Beijing has been pointedly reduced” (standard. 11). Because of the tag lottery, it is anticipated that the quantity of vehicles out and about will decrease by eleven percent by 2020, which is a noteworthy sum, considering in 2010 Beijing bragged a populace 19.6 million and had 4.8 million autos (standard. 13, standard. 15). Taking everything into account, the three arrangements exhibited give three distinct answers for traffic clog in enormous, vigorously blocked urban areas. Transport Rapid Transit diminishes the measure of vehicles out and about through mass travel. Insightful Transportation Systems keep drivers from adding to car influxes and diverting them to less-blocked streets, in this manner dispersing the quantity of autos in a similar zone. The tag lottery in Beijing facilitates blockage by restricting the quantity of vehicles allowed on its streets. Given the way that Americans appreciate private transportation over open transportation, astute transportation frameworks would be the predominant arrangement in the United States. Since we can’t constrain Americans to exchange their vehicles for open vehicle, we should take into account their affection for driving. Notwithstanding, it is inescapable that the administration will in the end assume liability to determine the issue of traffic clog and maybe necessitate that all vehicles in the United States incorporate clever transportation frameworks. In spite of the fact that I appreciate having the option to drive a vehicle, traffic blockage has consistently put a damper on my driving experience. The quantity of vehicles out and about simultaneously gives me much uneasiness, particularly during busy time on the roadway. Lamentably, the vehicle I drive is somewhat old and isn’t outfitted with the applications that caution me of roads turned parking lots ahead before I become caught on the interstate for a few hours until I explore to an exit. These circumstances are certainly unpleasant. Be that as it may, they are avoidable if each vehicle was furnished with savvy transportation frameworks. Traffic would be diverted, and blockage would lessen. Hence, clever transportation frameworks is the best strategy for facilitating traffic blockage in exceptionally populated zones.>GET ANSWER Let’s block ads! (Why?)