Research Methodology, Design and Methods

Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 1 of 24Faculty of Health and Life SciencesSchool of Nursing, Midwifery and…

Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 1 of 24Faculty of Health and Life SciencesSchool of Nursing, Midwifery and HealthModule Guide for Module 7006SOH*:Research Methodology, Design and MethodsAcademic Year: 2019/20 Summer – Semester 1*Also covers outstanding M100SOH students, and 7005CPD students

Module Codes: 7006SOH_1920SEPJANM100SOH_1920SEPJAN

CookMyProject7005CPD_1920AAA

Module Leader: Dr Laurence Baldwin, Assistant Professor (Mental Health Nursing)Richard Crossman Building (Room RC143), Email: [email protected]

Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 2 of 24Coventry UniversityFaculty of Health & Life Sciences7006SOH Research Methodology, Design and MethodsAlso covers M100SOH and 7005CPDAcademic Year 2019/2020Welcome to the Research Methodology, Design and Methods mocule. This is a mandatoryresearch module for most students studying at Masters level in the School of Nursing, Midwiferyand Health. Material in this module will focus, in the main, on conceptual and philosophical issuesof research, and the methodology and design of clinically relevant research.The Research Methodology, Design and Methods module uses a blended approach withintroductory plenary lectures followed by seminars which employ a student-focussed learningapproach. The module is taught by a multi-disciplinary team of lecturers who are all experiencedresearchers, providing you with the opportunity to discuss issues and aspects of research fromdifferent perspectives. The student focussed method used in the seminars encourages you to bean active participant in the range of different learning activities you will experience in this module.This guide contains information on operational aspects of the module (i.e. lecturers, timetable,references, and assignments), the module aims and learning outcomes. Please read it and keepit handy for future reference. It should be used in conjunction with the Master’s StudentHandbook: with particular reference to the sections on academic honesty, referencing,assessment regulations, submission of coursework, and return of marked coursework.If you have any special needs, please take the opportunity to discuss these with the module leaderor with the Disability Learning Support Tutor:Dr Brendan Greaney Email: [email protected] Phone: (02477) 655875Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 3 of 24Module Team (NB: – not all staff teach on every semester)

Module Tutors Room Telephone EmailDr Laurence Baldwin RC 143 (02477) 655851 [email protected] Pettifer RC 209 (02477) 655918 [email protected] Blyden RC 203 (02477) 655898 [email protected] Tubbritt RC 244 (02477) 657970 [email protected] Yetunde Dairo RC 128 (02477) 655825 [email protected] Skagmagki RC 131 (02477) 655799 [email protected] Peter Zeh RC 209 (02477) 655879 [email protected] Bernice Tighe RC 115 (02477) 655827 [email protected] Martin Bollard RC 221 (02477) 655886 [email protected] Morgan CW 118 (02477) 658017 [email protected] Nazanin Khasteganan CABSRC 4thFloor(02477) 657470 [email protected]

Module AimsThe aims of this module are to examine the philosophical basis of research and to critically appraisedifferent methodological approaches, designs and methods used in health and social care researchand related fields.Qualitative, quantitative and mixed approaches are explored. The module develops the student’sability to prepare a detailed research proposal of relevance to their field of academic study or areaof professional practice.The importance of ethical, social, political and economical aspects of research studies will beconsidered. The skills acquired during this module will provide students with a general approach toproblem solving that is transferable to other situations.Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 4 of 24Intended Module Learning OutcomesOn completion of this module student should be able to:1. Critically evaluate the ethical, political, legal and social issues that need to be considered whendeveloping a research proposal.2. Construct a research question or hypothesis and evaluate its relevance to their field ofacademic study or area of professional practice.3. Select and critically appraise appropriate methodology, design and methods to address aspecified research question or hypothesis.Student Effort• Module 7006SOH (and M100SOH) are rated at 20 credits at Masters level (L7); therefore,the total student effort is expected to be 200 hours.• Module 7005CPD is rated at 15 credits at Masters level (L7): the total student effort isexpected to be 150 hours.If you have a disability or medical condition and need adjustment to allow you to fully participate inthis module (e.g different forms of handouts, clear communication for lip-reading, scribe etc)please tell your lecturer so that suitable arrangements can be made.Classroom etiquettePlease do your utmost to attend classes on time, and please do complete the pre-reading or selfdirected work requested by the class teacher. This is particularly true now we are using an studentfocussed learning approach, as late arrival is disruptive to the learning of others, and not comingprepared will mean you are not able to participate fully. Experience shows both of these issuesusually lead to poorer grades in the final assignment.NB: University regulations allow ten minutes grace and after that we are supposed to lock the doorand not admit you! Touchpoint will mark you as ‘late’ ten minutes after scheduled start time.The weekly format of the module is as follows:• Weeks 1-10: Lecture 3 – 5pm Seminars 5pm – 6 pm• Week 11: Reading week and tutorialsGroups are allocated and timetabled by Registry and you may not change groups! Changinggroups may mean you miss material or repeat some material. It also disrupts the group dynamicessential to how the group runs… There will be a short comfort break between the lecture andseminar.Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 5 of 24Library OrientationThis module does not include a session on library systems, database searching and otherinformation structures, but these are central to how you find literature for your assignments andfuture research. Most of you will be on Master’s programmes which include an orientation to all ofthese as part of your course induction. If you have not had an introduction to what the librarysystems can do for you, as part of your course induction, it is essential that you organiseone for yourself.Contact the subject librarians to arrange this:

Subject area Name Phone extension EmailNursing and Dietetics Chris Bark 685528 [email protected] HealthProfessionsDarren Flynn 685548 [email protected] andPsychologyMaria King 685407 [email protected]

Resource / Reading ListIn Moodle, on the right hand column, under the Module Links section, is a link to therecommended reading list. Make sure you access this as it will get you started on your readingand understanding. Included in each subject block of Moodle will be links to electronic versions ofsome texts, but check the additional resources on the reading list at the end of this guide too.Attendance MonitoringAttendance monitoring is a requirement for all students and is evidence of academic engagementwhich is vital for success. We do therefore formally record attendance in classes, and although thiswill not be a summative assessment item in module descriptors, poor or erratic attendance may beformally investigated. If there is no subsequent improvement in attendance a formal record will bemade of this and consideration may be given to withdrawing students from their course because ofnon-engagement. International students on Tier 4 visas particularly need to ensure attendance isrecorded. The university has introduced a system of ‘swiping in’ at the blue Touchpoints in the roombooked for your session, so please use your Phoenix card to swipe in for each session. You willneed to swipe in to the lecture AND to the seminar group. We normally also take paper registers inorder to be able to answer individual queries of the electronic system.Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 6 of 24AssessmentThere is a single piece of assessed coursework. You are required to develop a 4000 word reportdemonstrating that you have met all the learning objectives for the module. Normally this will eitherbe a research proposal, or a service improvement project proposal – either for an empirical orliterature based research project. This will identify, with justification, a specified research questionor hypothesis and appropriate methodology, design, methods and address ethical issues. (NB:For students on 7005CPD this will be a 3000 word assessment).Examples of previous assignments will be available on Moodle to give exemplars of how these mightlook, and to give you some idea of what is expected. (Currently we only have the 4000 word versions,we will add examples of good 3000 word versions in the future).Further guidance is at the end of this guide, so please take note of the format required to achieve agood grade. PLEASE NOTE: a minimum module mark of 40% is required to gain a pass for thismodule.ReassessmentThe Programme Assessment Board may permit reassessment of the module assessment. You areadvised to check the University Regulations for rules concerning the maximum mark that may beawarded for reassessed work. Normally only two reassessments are permitted. If you do not reach20% in either one of the initial two attempts a third attempt may not be allowed.Assignment SupportAs a team we assume that, as adult learners studying at Masters level, you will be motivated andengaged with your studies. We do expect you to be self-directed in your learning and proactive inproblem solving to maximise your understanding. Please contact your seminar leader or moduleleader if you wish to discuss any particular difficulties with your studies and we will do our best toarrange a tutorial with you. The most effective way to contact your seminar leader or the moduleleader is in person or by email. We will respond to emails with three working days whereverpossible. Please note that the new timetable means that your submission date is at the end ofWeek 13, so do not leave it too late to book a tutorial, or expect an immediate email response atthe last minute!Assignment Hand in DateSubmission date: 13th December 2019 by 18:00hrsResults will be published on Moodle after 15/01/20 with on-line feedback attached to your essay.You are required to submit via Turnitin (located on Moodle) by 18.00hrs on the date of submission.Please contact the IT Helpline in the first instance if you have any problems submitting yourelectronic version. Do not leave this until 17.59pm! Students who fail to submit their work by 18.00on the 13th December will automatically receive a mark of 0%. Exceptions to this are forextensions or deferrals which must be applied for via the Registry – see the link on the StudentPortal for details on this. Note that extensions are only granted in exceptional circumstances.If you are unsuccessful at your first attempt, you will be eligible for one or two further resits. Theresubmission date will be in April 2020 (approx. 17th April 2020). A second resit (in August 2020)will only be available if you have achieved a score of 20% or more in one of your attempts. Wewould rather see you and help you achieve a pass mark or better, so please email or book atutorial if you are struggling!Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 7 of 24About TurnitinThe university has adopted the use of Turnitin for all modules as a way of helping you to check yourown work for plagiarism. Plagiarism is the use of other people’s words or images as though theywere your own. Turnitin will compare your work with materials available on the web, online journalsand work submitted by other students around the world. Turnitin can provide you with a similarityindex and originality report to show where any text has been copied from. With this information youcan make a decision as to whether you could be considered to be cheating. Once you are satisfiedwith the quality for your work, you can submit a final copy via the same Turnitin point on the Moodlemodule site. Previous drafts will be automatically overwritten, so we will mark whatever is there atsubmission time. Submission via Turnitin is a module requirement, there is no provision forsubmitting hard copies of your assignment.NOTE: Try to avoid using translation software! If you do not feel confident writing at this level inEnglish give yourself time to check your translation. We make some allowance for this, butautomated translation can mangle your text to a level where it is incoherent.Support for Writing and MathematicsIf you need some help with writing skills the Centre for Academic Writing has student supportavailable, and in particular make sure you are familiar with the modified Harvard referencingsystem. Links for referencing are on Moodle or at the CAW site: http://www.coventry.ac.uk/studyat-coventry/student-support/academic-support/centre-for-academic-writing/Likewise there is the Sigma support service for mathematics and statistics.http://www.coventry.ac.uk/study-at-coventry/student-support/academic-support/sigma-maths-andstats-support/7006SOH – Timetable – September 2019 – December 2019(also covers M100SOH and 7005CPD)Pre-reading and materials on Moodle prior to the start of the module:Note that because there is more than one version of this module (it runs every semester) so ensure youare looking for either 7006SOH_1920SEPJANCoventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 8 of 24

Week Lecture 3pm – 5pmAll in RCG33Breakout groups 5pm –6pmGroups/RoomsWeek 117/09/19Module launch, intro toresearch thinking, andoverview ofassessmentLaurence BaldwinInitial group allocation,introductions and prep fornext week’s activitiesGroup 1 In RC123 – Bernice TigheGroup 2 In RCG18 – Glykeria SkagmackiGroup 3 In RCG17 – Yetunde DairoGroup 4 In RC206 – Claire TubbrittGroup 5 In RC207 – Mike MorganGroup 6 In RC202 – Sue BlydenGroup 7 In RC329 – Peter ZehWeek 224/09/19What do we mean byknowledge andlearning?Annie PettiferSeminar groups As Week 1Week 301/10/19Ethics and researchgovernanceLaurence BaldwinSeminar groups As Week 1Week 408/10/19Quantitative research– part 1Mike MorganSeminar groups As Week 1Week 515/10/19Quantitative research– part 2Mike MorganSeminar groups As Week 1Week 622/10/19Qualitative research –part 1Martin BollardSeminar groups As Week 1Week 729/10/19Qualitative research –part 2Martin BollardSeminar groups As Week 1Week 805/11/19Literature based andsecondary dataresearchNazanin KhastegananSeminar groups As Week 1Week 912/11/19Mixed methods andtriangulationGlykeria SkagmagkiSeminar groups As Week 1Week 1019/11/19Dissemination ofresearch into practiceLaurence BaldwinSeminar groups As Week 1Week 1126/11/19Reading Week /Tutorial timeTutorial time No rooms allocated

Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 9 of 24Groups are timetabled by Registry – YOU CAN NOT CHANGE GROUPS!Course Content:Week 1: Lecture and initial group allocation: Module Launch and Overview of AssessmentIn this introductory session, time will be spent talking through the aims and learning outcomes forthe module. You will be introduced to the Moodle page and on-line resources. We will discuss theway that seminar groups will be conducted and how to make the most of the student focussedlearning programme. The latter part of the lecture will focus on the module assessmentrequirements. By the end of this session, you should be clear on what you must do to achieve apass in the module. We will also allocate you to a seminar group and explain the purpose of theseand how they will be organised.Seminar / group session – For the second part of week one we will get you into your groups andensure that you are familiar with what you need to start doing before the first seminar group inweek 2.Between week 1 & 2 you should complete the following preparatory tasks:• Read the suggested reading in preparation for the first full session in week 2• Make sure you have had an induction session at the library• Make sure you have access to Moodle and look at the background materials• Look at some healthcare research textbooks (see the reading list for a range of differentones available) and decide which one(s) you find most useful initiallyWeek 2: What do we mean by knowledge and learning? – Philosophical underpinnings andepistemologies in research.Each week will start with an introductory plenary lecture giving the core information on that week’stopic. The second part of the session, in smaller groups uses the student focussed methods towork through a worksheet to help you to shape your learning in an individualised way, whilstconsolidating the learning from that week’s topics. Each seminar session will consider feedbackfrom the learning of the previous week, as well as exploring the new topic for the week, so it is vitalthat you do the reading or tasks in between sessionsWeek 3: Ethics and research governanceAs this underpins all that follows it is important that this area is covered at this point before movingon to the more methods based approaches.Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 10 of 24Week 4: Quantitative research: introduction and overview of methodologiesWeek 5: Quantitative research: methods and application to practiceWeek 6: Qualitative research: introduction and overview of methodologiesWeek 7: Qualitative research: methods and application to practiceWeek 8: Literature and data based research methodsWeek 9: Mixed methods and triangulation of research approachesWeek 10: Dissemination of research and how research gets into and affects practiceWeek 11: Tutorials for assignmentsPlease email your seminar leader or talk with them during seminars in advance to arrange any lastsupport sessions you need for your assignment, otherwise this week is dedicated reading andwriting time, so attendance on campus is optional.Please note that due to the timing of this semester tutor availability may be severely restricted, soyou should make arrangements well in advance to ensure access.Good luck with your submissions, remember we are here to help, and we want you to learn andsucceed, so please seek tutorial support if you have any doubts!Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 11 of 24Assignment DetailsFor 7006SOH and M100SOH: Produce a 4,000 word written research proposal – this can eitherbe for an empirical study or a literature based research project. For M100SOH as above, or aproposal for a service improvement project.For 7005CPD: Produce a 3,000 word written research proposal – this can either be for anempirical study or a literature based research projectYour proposal should identify, with justification, a specific research question or hypothesis anddescribe the intended appropriate methodology and study design. Remember that you must coverall the learning outcomes for the module within this piece of coursework.This assignment could form the basis for your dissertation proposal if you are registered ondissertation modules for your course, or may help you decide to choose a different topic. Theassignment will be marked against the criteria included at the end of this module guide.Please submit your assignment using only your student ID, not your name.Outlines for each possible type of assignment are presented below – and examples of previousassignments are available in Moodle to give you an idea of the scope and depth expected for thisassignment.Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 12 of 24Option A: Suggested Outline Proposal for an empirical study1. Front page to include Assignment Title, Word Count and Student ID.2. Context and background to the study3. Literature review4. Research question and a null & alternative hypothesis for a quantitative study OR for qualitative,survey or mixed method studies aims/ purpose of the research and objectives.5. Research epistemology and methodology6. Research design (to include data collection method(s); sampling; participant recruitment; ethicalconsiderations and strategies used to enhance the rigour, reliability and/or validity of the research.7. Data analysis8. Dissemination9. Time-scale of research (details of research organisations & proposed time-scales) – presentedas a table10. Estimated cost of the study (e.g. travel, stationery, postage, photocopying, transcribing, typing,etc.) – presented as a table11. References.Things to DO1. Start thinking about your proposal as early as possible2. Develop a focused, realistic research question or purpose3. Make use of appropriate subheadings to structure and organize your proposal4. Ensure that, in the literature review section, you• produce a rationale that justifies a need for the proposed research• identify key literature that is directly related to your chosen research topic• identify a ‘knowledge gap’ that you hope to inform through the findings from your study5. Explain the potential significance of the proposed research6. Suggest who might be expected to benefit and how7. Choose an appropriate epistemology and methodology (e.g. experimental, survey, qualitative orliterature based) to address your research question or purpose. Clearly demonstrate yourunderstanding of the methodology and related data collection method you have chosen.Demonstrate your in-depth reading and justify your decisions using key references.8. Have a section outlining your proposed data analysis approach. A detailed description of howyou will analyse is not expected9. Reference cited work accurately and consistently using Harvard Referencing style (see theguidance in the Master’s Student Handbook or on the Centre for Academic Writing website).Check that all cited work appears in the list of references. Check that all articles, books etc in thereference list are cited somewhere in the text. Use secondary citations sparingly10. Proof read your work carefully11. Ask members of the module team for advice/guidance.Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 13 of 24Continued…DO NOT1. Try to tackle a research topic that is too broad – focus your research question or purpose on adiscrete problem/ issue2. Ignore ethical considerations3. Produce a largely descriptive proposal with no justification for philosophy / approach / design /methods4. Use too many words in the literature review5. Leave it until the last minute to plan and write your proposalFrom past experience, weak assignments have some combination (or all) of the followingshortcomings:• Lack of clarity of research aims, area of interest, questions and/or hypotheses• Inadequate background, context, and/or literature review, with little demonstration of criticalappraisal• Lack of justification for design and methods• Poor coverage of reliability/validity, or trustworthiness/credibility• Details provided in inappropriate sections• Limited research proposal, containing inconsistencies and inaccuracies and poorgrammatical structure• Inappropriate referencingCoventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 14 of 24Option B: Suggested Outline Proposal for a Literature Based Project ProposalNB. A literature based research project is not a true systematic review, BUT aims to provide anoverview of work in a specific area by finding, evaluating and synthesising evidence from researchstudies. A ‘full’ systematic review (as defined by the NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination,1996) follows a set process (including meta-analysis in some reviews) to achieve rigour. However,the general principles and techniques can be used to good effect in providing a comprehensiveand critical literature review.1. Front page to include Assignment Title, Word Count and Student ID.2. Context and background to the review (to include any existing reviews or other sources)3. Literature review – ensure that in this section, you produce a rationale that justifies a need forthe proposed review of published NOT a preliminary review of the research you will be appraisingin your project4. Review question and objective(s) of the review5. Review epistemology and methodology – explain what kind of review this is, and why6. Review design – to include(i) the data bases/search engines that will be used(ii) the key words/phrases that will be used with justification for these(iii) the type of paper/article/text that will be excluded e.g. not in English(iv) the types of papers/articles/texts that are likely to be included7. Data analysis – this should include details of how the papers/articles/texts will be analysed;inclusion and exclusion criteria for the papers and how you will rate the quality of the papers8. Timescale of the review – presented as a table9. Estimated cost of the review (e.g. purchase of papers/articles/texts travel, stationery, postage,photocopying, typing, etc.) – presented as a table10. ReferencesThings to Do1. Start thinking about your proposal as early as possible2. Develop a focused, realistic research question for your review3. Make use of appropriate subheadings to structure and organize your proposal4. Ensure that, in the literature review section you• justify the need for the proposed review• identify key literature that is directly related to your chosen review topic• identify the ‘knowledge gap’ that you hope to inform through the findings from your review5. Identify the potential significance of the proposed review6. Who might be expected to benefit and how – say what you are hoping to achieve from yourreview7. Have a section outlining your proposed data analysis approach.Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 15 of 24Continued…8. Reference cited work accurately and consistently using Harvard Referencing style (see theguidance in the Master’s Student Handbook or on the Centre for Academic Writing website).Check that all cited work appears in the list of references. Check that all articles, books etc in thereference list are cited somewhere in the text. Use secondary citations sparingly9. Proof read your work carefully10. Read the section on Writing Essays at Master’s Level in the Master’s Student Handbook11. Ask members of the module team for advice/guidance.DO NOT:1. Try to tackle a topic that is too broad2. Focus your review question or purpose3. Produce a largely descriptive proposal with no justification for philosophy / approach / design /methods4. Turn the literature review in your proposal into a précis of your actual literature review –remember you are PROPOSING a bigger review, not doing it (yet!)5. Leave it until the last minute to plan and write your proposalFrom past experience, weak assignments have some combination (or all) of the followingshortcomings:• Lack of clarity on review aims, area of interest and/or questions• Inadequate background, context, and/or literature review, with little demonstration of criticalappraisal• Lack of justification for search strategy and inclusion & exclusion criteria for the papers tobe used• Details provided in inappropriate sections• Limited proposal, containing inconsistencies and inaccuracies, and poor grammaticalstructure• Shortened version of the proposed review• Inappropriate referencingCoventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 16 of 24Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 17 of 24Option C: (M100SOH students only)Suggested Outline Proposal for a service improvement project1. Front page to include Assignment Title, Word Count and Student ID.2. Context and background to the study3. Literature review4. Service improvement topic with a rigorous research-based explanation of the purpose of theproject and its objectives.5. Include the research epistemology and methodology to explain the assumptions behind yourplanning6. Project design (to include data collection method(s); sampling; participant recruitment; ethicalconsiderations and strategies used to enhance the rigour, reliability and/or validity of the project.7. Planned data analysis techniques8. Dissemination plan9. Time-scale of the project (details of any service organisations involved & proposed time-scales)– presented as a table10. Estimated cost of the study (e.g. travel, stationery, postage, photocopying, transcribing, typing,etc.) – presented as a table11. References.Things to DO1. Start thinking about your project proposal as early as possible2. Develop a focused, realistic project question and clear objectives3. Make use of appropriate subheadings to structure and organize your proposed project4. Ensure that, in the literature review section, you• produce a rationale that justifies a need for the proposed project• identify key literature that is directly related to your chosen topic• identify a ‘knowledge gap’ that you hope to inform through the findings from your study5. Explain the potential significance of the proposed service improvement project6. Suggest who might be expected to benefit and how7. Choose an appropriate epistemology and methodology (e.g. experimental, survey, qualitative orliterature based) to address your project question or purpose. Clearly demonstrate yourunderstanding of the methodology and related data collection method you have chosen.Demonstrate your in-depth reading and justify your decisions using key references.8. Have a section outlining your proposed data analysis approach. A detailed description of howyou will analyse is not expected9. Reference cited work accurately and consistently using Harvard Referencing style (see theguidance in the Master’s Student Handbook or on the Centre for Academic Writing website).Check that all cited work appears in the list of references. Check that all articles, books etc in thereference list are cited somewhere in the text. Use secondary citations sparinglyCoventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page: 18 of 2410. Proof read your work carefully11. Ask members of the module team for advice/guidance.DO NOT:1. Try to tackle a topic that is too broad – focus your question and purpose on a discrete problem/issue2. Ignore ethical considerations3. Produce a largely descriptive proposal with no justification for philosophy / approach / design /methods4. Use too many words in the literature review (this is easily done for clinicians, don’t get wrappedup in the clinical need, remember to focus on what the project is about and how it will be achieved)5. Leave it until the last minute to plan and write your proposalFrom past experience, weak assignments have some combination (or all) of the followingshortcomings:• Lack of clarity of project aims, area of interest, questions and/or hypotheses• Inadequate background, context, and/or literature review, with little demonstration of criticalappraisal• Lack of justification for design and methods• Poor coverage of reliability/validity, or trustworthiness/credibility• Details provided in inappropriate sections• Inappropriate referencingCoventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page:19 of 24HLS Faculty Postgraduate Assessment Marking Criteria

% ANSWER COHERENCE ARGUMENT EVIDENCEExcellent72, 75, 7882, 85, 8890, 95,100The student addressesthe question fully,including excellentsummaries, criticalanalysis, synthesis andevaluation. At the higherend the assignment maydemonstrate originalityand creativity.The entire work isclearly structured,addresses the topicauthoritatively, isbased on extensiveand critically informedbackground reading,and is also succinct.A clear and convincing lineof critical and evaluativeargument is demonstratedthroughout. A degree oforiginality and insightshould also be present,supported by evidence ofwider reading, some ofwhich goes beyond therecommended reading.Demonstrates creativityand some originality inthe selection andpresentation ofevidence. Providesthorough critical analysisof seminal work, and aninformed knowledge oftheoretical positions. Allevidence cited iscorrectly referenced inthe text as well as in theReferences.VeryGood62, 65, 68The question isaddressedauthoritatively, withevidence of additionalreading and anemphasis on analysis,synthesis andevaluation.The evidence ispresented clearly inrelation to the questionset. There is a soundstructure which clearlylinks sections, andensures arguments arefully articulated andsupported.A clear and convincing lineof argument is presented,and it is fully supported bya critical evaluation ofsources. Some evidenceof originality and insightmay be present supportedby evidence of widereadingThe evidence selected isof high quality, and goesbeyond therecommended reading.It is presented in a wellorganised way, and mostclaims are supported byrelevant evidence thathas been criticallyappraised.Good52, 55, 58For the most part thequestion is addressed.There is evidence of anunderstanding of most ofthe issues and therelevant literature,though there may besome omissions.Evidence of someanalysis, synthesis andevaluation.A good structure butrelationships betweensome statements andsections may notalways be fullyarticulated. Somesections aredescriptive rather thanevaluative.There is demonstration ofthe ability to provide someclear and structuredarguments, but there islittle evidence oforiginality. Evidence ofreading from appropriatesources with some criticalevaluation.Some relevant evidenceis presented which isgenerally well organisedand there is evidence ofsome critical appraisal.For the most partaccurate referencing ofthe text and referencelist.Pass42, 45, 48Some aspects of thequestion are addressed.A limited amount ofrelevant material isincluded, though issometimes poorlypresented. Limitedevidence of analysis,synthesis and evaluationStructure lackscoherence,relationships betweenstatements andsections are not alwaysarticulated. Themajority of work isdescriptive rather thanevaluative.Some arguments areproduced, but there islimited critical analysis orreference to anappropriate range ofsources.Some evidence isincluded but this islimited. Omissions anderrors in referencing areevident.FAIL35, 30,25, 20,10,0Fails to answer thequestion or to addressthe topic appropriately,and is not presented atPG level.Poor structure. Thereare few clear linksbetween statements orsections, and theassignment isdescriptive.Little convincing orsupported argument ispresented, demonstrateda limited understanding ofthe topic.Minimal reference ismade to relevant andsupportive evidence,with little indication ofwider reading.Poor referencing.

Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page:20 of 24Recommended reading:Specific references will be provided for individual sessions – see also theResource list on Moodle – titles in bold are particularly recommended!Aveyard H, (2009) Doing a literature review in health and social care (2nd Ed).Open University Press, BuckinghamBarker, J; Linsley, P; & Kane, R (2016). Evidence-Based Practice for Nurses(3rd Ed). SAGE Publications, London.Bazeley, P. (2018) Integrating Analyses in Mixed Methods Research. Sage,LondonBell J (2010) Doing your Research Project: A Guide for First-TimeResearchers in Education and Social Science (5th Ed) Open University Press,BuckinghamBettany-Saltikov, J (2012). How to do a Systematic Literature Review inNursing: A Step-By-Step Guide. Open University Press, Maidenhead.Boland, A., Cherry, M.G., and Dickson, R. (Eds) (2017) Doing a SystematicReview: A student’s guide (2nd Ed). Sage, LondonBooth A., Papaioannou D. Sutton: (2012) Systematic approaches to asuccessful literature review. Sage, LondonBors, D. (2018) Data Analysis for the Social Sciences: Integrating theoryand practice. Sage, LondonBowling A (2009) Research Methods in Health: investigating health and healthservices 3rd edn. Maidenhead: Open University PressBraun, V; & Clarke, V (2013). Successful Qualitative Research: A PracticalGuide for Beginners. Sage Publications, London.Bryman, A. (2016) Social Research Methods (5th Edition) OxfordUniversity Press, Oxford.Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page:21 of 24Carpenter, C. & Suto, M. (2009). Qualitative research for occupational andphysical therapists: A practical guide. Wiley-Blackwell, OxfordClarke, A. (2005) Evaluation Research Sage Publications, LondonCohen, L., Manion, L., and Morrison, K. (Eds) (2011) Research Methods inEducation. Routledge, London.Cresswell, JW & Plano Clark VL (2007). Designing and conducting mixedmethods research. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks CADenscombe M (2012) Research Proposals: A Practical Guide McGraw Hill,Berkshire.Flick U (2009) An introduction to qualitative research (4th Ed) SagePublications, LondonFinlay, L; & Ballinger, C, (Eds.) (2006). Qualitative Research For AlliedHealth Professionals: Challenging Choices. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford.Frost, N (2011) Qualitative Research Methods In Psychology: CombiningCore Approaches. Open University Press, Maidenhead.Goldacre B (2008) Bad Science Fourth Estate, LondonGough D., Oliver S., & Thomas J (2012) An introduction to systematicreviews Sage, London.Harvey, M., and Land, L. (2017) Research Methods for Nurses and Midwives:Theory and practice. Sage, London.Hannes, K., & Lockwood, C. (2011) Synthesizing Qualitative Research:Choosing the Right Approach. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford.Jesson J., Mathesib L. & Lacey (2012) Doing your literature review:traditional and systematic techniques. Sage, LondonCoventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page:22 of 24Leavy, Patricia (2017) Research Design: Quantitative, Qualitative,Mixed Methods, Arts-based, and Community-Based ParticipatoryResearch Approaches. Guilford Press, LondonMaxwell, J. A. (2012). Qualitative Research Design: An Interactive Approach(3rd Ed). SAGE Publications, Thousand Oaks, CAMoule, P. (2018) Making Sense of Research in Nursing, Health and SocialCare (6th Ed) Sage, LondonMoule, P., Aveyard, H. & Goodman, M. (2017) Nursing Research: anintroduction (3rd Ed) Sage Publications, London.Offredy, M & Vickers, P. (2010) Developing a healthcare researchproposal: An interactive student guide. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford.Ogden, TE; & Goldberg, IA (2002). Research Proposals: A Guide toSuccess. (3rd Ed) Academic Press, San Diego.Oliver P, (2010) The student’s guide to research ethics (2nd Ed) OpenUniversity Press, MaidenheadPolit, D.F., and Beck, C.T. (2017) Nursing Research: Generating andAssessing Evidence for Nursing Practice (10th Ed) Wolters Kluwer, London.Pope, C; Mays, N; and Popay, J. (2007). Synthesizing Qualitative andQuantitative Health Research: A Guide to Methods. Open University Press,Maidenhead.Portney LG, & Watkins, MP (2007) Foundations of Clinical Research:applications to practice (3rd Ed). Prentice –Hall, LondonPunch, KF (2006) Developing effective research proposals. SagePublications, LondonPunch, KF (2003) Survey Research: the basics. Sage Publications, LondonRubin, A; & Babbie, ER (2014). Research Methods for Social Work (8th Ed).Brooks/Cole, Belmont CA.Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page:23 of 24Shaw I, & Gould N (2001) Qualitative Research in Social Work: introducingqualitative methods. Sage Publications, London.Silverman, D (2013). Doing Qualitative Research: A Practical Handbook (4thEd) SAGE Publications, LondonSim J, & Wright C (2000) Research in Health Care: concepts, designs andmethods. Stanley Thornes, CheltenhamSimon, SD (2006). Statistical evidence in medical trails. What do the datareally tell us? Oxford University Press, Oxford.Taylor, M.C. (2000) Evidence-based Practice for Occupational Therapists.Blackwell Science, OxfordWebb, C; & Roe, BH, (Eds) (2007). Reviewing Research Evidence for NursingPractice: Systematic Reviews. Blackwell Publishing, OxfordNOTE: Further book recommendations are available via the Resourcearea in Moodle (right hand sidebar) – this includes links to electronicversions of texts where they are available.Coventry University: Module 7006SOH – Module Guide – Semester 1 – 2019/20 Page:24 of 24Douglas Adams: The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy (1978)**Leading by example – don’t forget to reference everything you use!

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