Set Up Ubuntu Server in a VM CookMyProject In Chapter 2, Case Project 2-1, you created a virtual network using Oracle VirtualBox or Windows 8…

Set
Up Ubuntu Server in a VM

CookMyProject
In
Chapter 2, Case Project 2-1, you created a virtual network using
Oracle VirtualBox or Windows 8 Client Hyper-V. In this case study,
you create a third VM in your virtual network and install Ubuntu
Server in the VM. You also learn how to use some Linux commands. In
the next chapter, you’ll install an FTP server in Ubuntu Server and
make FTP services available to other computers in your network. Using
the same computer that you used in Case Projects 1-1 and 1-2 (which
should have Oracle VirtualBox or Client Hyper-V installed), follow
these steps:

1.
Go to ubuntu.org and download the Ubuntu Server OS to your hard
drive. The file that downloads is an ISO file.

2.
Open the Oracle VM VirtualBox Manager or Hyper-V Manager. Following
the directions in the Chapter 1 Case Projects, create a new VM named
VM40. Mount the ISO file that contains the Ubuntu Server download to
a virtual DVD in your VM.

3.
Start up the VM and install Ubuntu Server, accepting all default
settings. Be sure to write down your Ubuntu host name, Ubuntu
username, and password. When given the option, decline to install any
extra software bundled with the OS.

4.
After you restart the VM, Ubuntu Server launches, which does not have
a GUI interface. You should see the shell command interface, as shown
in Figure 3-26.

5.
The shell shows the shell prompt, which usually includes your
username and current directory followed by a $. First, enter your
username and press Enter. Then enter your password and press Enter.
You’re now logged on to your Ubuntu Server.

6.
Practice using Ubuntu Server by trying out the commands in Table
3-14. As you do so, you’ll examine the directory structure, create
a new directory, and put a blank file in it.

Case
Project 2-1

Create
a VM and Install Ubuntu Desktop

In
the case projects of Chapter 1, you created a virtual machine using
Windows 8.1 Client Hyper-V or Oracle VirtualBox. In this case study,
you create a second VM in your virtual network and install Ubuntu
Desktop in the VM. In the Chapter 3, you’ll install Ubuntu Server
in your network. Using the same computer that you used in Case
Project 1-1 or 1-2 that has Client Hyper-V or Oracle VirtualBox
installed, follow these steps:

1.
Go to ubuntu.com and download the Ubuntu Desktop OS to your hard
drive. The file that downloads is an ISO file. Ubuntu is a well-known
version of Linux and offers both desktop and server editions.

2.
Open the Oracle VM VirtualBox Manager or Hyper-V Manager. Following
the directions in Chapter 1 case projects, create a new VM named VM2.
Mount the ISO file that contains the Ubuntu Desktop download to a
virtual DVD in your VM.

3.
Start up the VM and install Ubuntu Desktop, accepting all default
settings (see Figure 2-34). When given the option, don’t install
any extra software bundled with the OS. You’ll need to restart the
VM when the installation is done.

4.
To verify you have an Internet connection, open the Mozilla Firefox
browser and surf the Web.

Good
network technicians must know how to use many operating systems. Poke
around in the Ubuntu Desktop interface and get familiar with it. What
can you do with the Dashboard icon at the top of the left sidebar?
You can also search the Web for tutorials and YouTube videos on how
to use Ubuntu Desktop. When you’re ready to shut down your VM,
click the gear icon in the upper-right corner of the Ubuntu Desktop
screen and click Shut Down in the 

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