SOC 205 WEEK 2 QUIZ 1 Question 1  The U.S. Courts of Appeals do not have jurisdiction in appeals from the Securities and Exchange Commission.…

SOC 205 WEEK 2 QUIZ 1
Question 1 
The U.S. Courts of Appeals do not have jurisdiction in

appeals from the Securities and Exchange Commission.

cases appealed from the U.S. district courts.

civil cases.

cases that have not first been argued in some other forum.
Question 2 
Which of the following types of cases would generally not be brought to federal court?

illegal importation of narcotics

patent claims

murder

violations of the U.S. postal laws.
Question 3 
In order for the U.S. trial courts to have jurisdiction in a case, what must happen?

federal question must be raised

indictment must be obtained

declaratory judgment must be rendered

political question must be involved
Question 4 
Provided that there is a substantial federal question, appeals from the highest court in a state may be heard in the U.S. ______.

Supreme Court

Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit

courts of appeals

district courts
Question 5 
The rule of four refers to the requirement that

at least four courts of appeals must join in a request for certification from the U.S. Supreme Court before it will exercise appellate jurisdiction.

all state court systems include at least four levels of courts.

a writ of certiorari from the U.S. Supreme Court must be supported by at least four justices.

only four cases of any one type may be heard by the US Supreme Court in one session.
Question 6 
For all intents and purposes, what determine the types of issues and cases the federal and state courts will hear?

presidents and governors

court clerks

administrative offices of the courts

Congress and the state legislatures
Question 7 
What addresses the relationship that individuals and institutions have with the state as a sovereign entity.

equity

private law

civil law

public law
Question 8 
Which of the following functions of law best describes the reason for the creation of police departments, district attorneys’ offices, and jails?

resolving disputes

providing order and predictability in society

protecting individuals and property

providing for the general welfare
Question 9 
Administrative law and constitutional law are categories of ____ law.

public

criminal

private

statutory
Question 10 
In 1835, who observed that “there is hardly a political question in the United States which does not sooner or later turn into a judicial one.”

Thomas Jefferson

John Marshall

James Madison

Alexis de Tocqueville
Question 11 
What is the type of law enacted by a legislative body?

statutory

common

administrative

constitutional
Question 12 
Article 3 of the Constitution states that “The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the ___ may from time to time ordain and establish.

president

states

supreme Court

congress
Question 13 
When presenting a case before the Supreme Court. approximately how long does each side have?

ten minutes

thirty minutes

one hour

as much time as necessary
Question 14 
What kind of courts are federal courts?

constitutional

legislative

specialized jurisdiction

appellate
Question 15 
What happens when the chief justice votes with the minority?

the most junior justice in the majority assigns the writing of the Court’s opinion.

he or she assigns the writing of the Court’s opinion to a justice who voted with the majority.

he or she writes a concurring opinion.

the most senior justice in the majority assigns the writing of the Court’s opinion.
Question 16 
The Ninth Circuit includes which two states?

Texas and Louisiana.

Illinois and Indiana.

Michigan and Ohio.

California and Arizona.
Question 17 
What happens when the Supreme Court justices meet in conference?

only their law clerks are allowed to be in the room with them.

they discuss cases that were argued earlier in the week.

the senior associate justice keeps an official record of the discussions.

the most junior justice presides and offers an opinion first in each case.
Question 18 
The Supreme Court alternates between hearing cases and writing decisions approximately every two weeks. These two periods of the court cycle are called _____ and ______.

hearings/deliberations

periods/intermissions

sets/breaks

sittings/recesses
Question 19 
Each year, the formal session of the Supreme Court begins on the ____ and lasts until the business of the term is completed.

20th of January

first Monday in October

Tuesday after the first Monday of November

Wednesday after Labor Day
Question 20 
A quorum for a decision on a case in the Supreme Court is ____ members.

four

five

six

seven
Question 21 
The total number of appellate filings in state courts each year is around ____ cases.

75,000

290,000

1,000,000

22,000,000
Question 22 
District, circuit, and superior are all names for what type of court?

trial courts of limited jurisdiction

trial courts of general jurisdiction

intermediate appellate courts

courts of last resort
Question 23 
The greatest number of cases entering the state court systems falls into which of the following case categories?

traffic

criminal

civil

domestic relations
Question 24 
The handling of criminal cases in state trial courts involves judges, prosecutors, and defense attorneys. These members of the trial court organization are commonly referred to as the

en banc

legal trio.

quorum

courtroom work group.
Question 25 
Which type of court consists of 85 percent of all courts in the United States?

Trial courts of limited jurisdiction

Trial courts of general jurisdiction

Intermediate appellate courts

Courts of last resort
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