The development and evolution of administrative institutions in the United States can be divided into distinct historical eras. Identify the main eras in the history of public administration in the United States. What issues and problems have continued to occupy the attention of practitioners and theorists? Would you say that the framers of the Constitution, in 1797, would approve or disapprove of the ways in which these issues and problems have been addressed in each of the various historical eras?The field of Public Administration has focused its attention on the ways in which certain basic administrative tasks and functions are carried out: organizing, personnel, budgeting, management, and policy making. Choose at least three of these tasks/functions and briefly outline the ways in which their theory and practice have evolved since 1797. (Be sure to identify key concepts and theories.) Is the practice of public administration a science or an art? Explain.A major approach to the study of American public administration concerns the notion of the ‘Politics/Administrative Dichotomy.’ Describe the key components of this concept, and identify the scholars and researchers who first identified and developed this concept. Would you agree or disagree that a separation of politics and administration currently exists in American government? Has such a separation ever existed in the administrative history of the United States? Is this concept a useful normative approach that administrators should adopt?Throughout the 20th Century and into the 21st Century, the term bureaucracy has taken on numerous, negative connotations and meanings, and has been used by aspiring politicians and political candidates to gain favor with voters. Why are bureaucratic organizations such easy targets for political aspirants? Do you think that the arguments made against bureaucracy and bureaucratic organizations are justified? Explain.
case of production exploitation leads to class conflict and the eventual replacement of each mode of production. Marx and Weber had different views on bureaucracy. Weber believed that bureaucratic organisations were essential for the operation of the industrial society. He believed that the growth of bureaucracy was a result of the development of new forms of power in industrial society with some individuals exercising more power than others within society and getting others to comply with their wishes whether they agreed with them or not. This was because the organisation or person is seen as having a right to command obedience. Marx’s views were different on bureaucracy and he did not have much to say on the matter except that he saw state bureaucracy as an instrument of class oppression that maintained the dominance of the bourgeoisie. Marx predicted there would be a proletarian revolution where administrators would be elected and truly responsible to the people. Bureaucracy would cease to exist in a classless society. Marx viewed the development of modern nation states that linked to the development of capitalism. The state acts to ensure that political decisions are taken that allow capitalists to continue accumulation wealth. Weber argued that the rise of bureaucratically organised states was part of the growing process of rationalisation, which accompanied the rise of capitalism.>GET ANSWER Let’s block ads! (Why?)