The purpose of the essay is for you to discuss a range of aspects that articulate your understanding of play, the teacher’s role, and the complex landscape of play in Australian early childhood education (including the underlying reasons for this). To achieve this objective, you need to consider the following:
-The different theoretical perspectives on play—compare at least one traditional (classical) and one contemporary theory of play, and consider how the different theories offer different interpretations about play.-The cultural and historical influences—consider the cultural influences on play and how children’s play differs between cultural contexts.-The social and historical impact on the perception and practice of play.-The spatial environment (for example, outdoor and indoor) influence on play, and the consideration of the teacher’s role within this context.-How all of the above facets jointly shape the landscape of play in today’s Australian early childhood education.
Some items to consider with regard to the complexities of play:
Why are there differences?How have the different theories interacted to influence the concept of play?How has the concept of play changed over time with consideration to the teacher’s role in supporting and encouraging children’s play in learning environments?Essay requirements
The introduction must introduce the topic and discussion points. As a general rule, an introduction should be no more than 10% of the total word count (in this case, no more than 200 words). You will need to be succinct.
In the body of your essay you will develop a series of claims about play, it’s complexities, historical, social and cultural influences on play, the role of the environment, consideration of the role of the teacher in play and how it all shapes Australian context of play and present your knowledge and perspectives to reveal its complexity. These claims will be supported by strong evidence that supports them.
In the conclusion you will need to sum up your discussion and then make a final statement about your response. As with the introduction, your conclusion should not be any more than 10% of the overall word count (so no more than 200 words). That leaves 1600 words for the body of your essay.
You must draw upon research literature to support your discussion. When you use evidence from the literature to support your arguments, you must ensure that you cite it according to APA referencing conventions.
Please include these references:-Fisher, J. (2013). Starting from the child: teaching and learning in the foundation stage (4th ed.). Maidenhead: Open University Press.-Lindon, J. (2001). Understanding children’s play. Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes.-Fleer, M. (2013). Play in the early years. Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.-TheChildhoodLife Kids and Toys. (2013, June 22). Playground Fun (Episode 2) : James & Grace in the Lakeside Center Park – Kids having Fun video . Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CxrHJgTZjag-Grieshaber, S. & McArdle, F. (2010). The trouble with play. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
Nigeria is situated in the south east of West Africa, offering outskirts to Benin, Cameroon, Chad and Niger. Nigeria is 923,768sq km which is multiple times the size of Britain (nationsonline.org 2018). The nation has a populace of 192million individuals, it is the seventh biggest nation regarding populace giving it the name ‘Goliath of Africa’. It involves 36 states with its government capital called Abuja. Nigeria has four significant dialects which are English, Yoruba, Ibo and Hausa with English as the official language however has around 250 ethno-phonetic gatherings. The basic religions are Christianity and Islam (Gbeneol, 2018). Political Characteristics As a Federal Republic, Nigeria rehearses the presidential framework with a Chief of State, Head of Government and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. ‘With a severe spotlight on partition of forces of three branches in particular, the official, authoritative and legal’ (nationsonline.org 2018). Their lawful framework is comprised of English law, Islamic Law in 12 northern states and the customary law (nationsonline.org, 2018). The Sharia has been made as a component of the primary laws in 9 Muslim states. As per Merriam Webster the Sharia is an Islamic law dependent on the Koran (nationsonline.org, 2018). Social Characteristics There are three fundamental ethnic gatherings in Nigeria to be specific Igbo, Yoruba and Hausa/Fulani. To begin with, the Hausa has probably the most excellent engineering of the medieval age. A significant number of their initial mosques and royal residences are made of extraordinary inscriptions. To add to this music and craftsmanship are significant in their lives, at an exceptionally youthful age, they start taking an interest in moves which are held at get-togethers. The Igbo culture is partitioned into numerous gatherings, on account of their lingos and limits in eastern states specifically and a decent example of this is their conventional method for inviting guests, which is typically offering kola to visitors, even before they made their strategic (Guide to Nigeria the travel industry, nearby culture and speculations, 2018). In conclusion is the Yoruba Culture likewise has it extraordinary method for living which is their method for modifying. They appear to effectively change in accordance with structure huge urban communities rather than little town gatherings. Another striking trait of the Yoruba is that their antiquated act of the Aborisha Spiritual Religion is structures a basic piece surprisingly with Africa plummet who make a case to the Yoruba custom. Financial Characteristics Nigeria’s monetary development is being filled by its horticulture and media communications mostly. Since 2015 government spending has expanded to 11% of the all out yield. Joblessness remains at 23.90% starting at 2011, while expansion as determined by the shopper value file is 15.7%(Gbeneol, 2018). Nigeria is luxuriously blessed with various regular assets including immense zones of arable land and huge stores of raw petroleum, flammable gas, coal, tin, columbite, iron mineral, limestone, lead and zinc. In addition, horticulture contributes 40% of their GDP and over 60% of the work though unrefined petroleum and flammable gas adds to 13.80% of their GDP (Gbeneol, 2018). Evaluation OF COUNTRY’S LEADERSHIP TYPES There are a horde of basic difficulties Nigeria faces concerning authority issues. A few issues they face are debasement, wrongdoing and psychological warfare (explicitly Boko Haram’s rebellion) and joblessness among others (“Challenges in Nigeria and Solutions on How to Resolve Them”, 2018). The most squeezing is defilement, which is a blister at the core of most tasks in Africa. It is a generational root issue that maladies Africa, and is one of numerous different issues in Nigeria. Nigeria’s administration is run as a government presidential republic (the arrangement of a few different states and countries unbounded by previous provincial limits). Political race fixing is a typical event in Nigeria and Nigerians are worn out on throwing their decisions on political decision day just to feel swindled. During races, Nigerian and global guard dog bunches recount accounts of hooligans contracted by possibility to seize the voting booths and threaten voters (“Challenges in Nigeria and Solutions on How to Resolve Them”, 2018). Nigeria professes to be a fairly run nation, be that as it may, many accept generally in light of the fact that it scarcely takes after the authority style a majority rule government is intended to receive. As per Aigbe this framework is an ‘insane exhibit’, wherein it endures more on purposeful publicity (Aigbe, 2012). Despite the fact that vote based system has its advantages, it comes up short on the capacity to appropriately perceive or support other neighborhood states’ voices in issues with respect to the nation in light of the fact that the focal authority holds the most power and it extraordinarily influences the nation’s proficiency and efficiency. President Muhammadu Buhari has attracted plans to experience comprehensive and even minded goals to handle the SDGs. They have created programs in a joint effort with the UN Country System in Nigeria and different associations coming from end point reports from their work on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The group amassed is additionally trying its best to actualize refinement too. Be that as it may, objective 17 (Partnership for the Goals) demonstrates to be very hard to deal with as it doesn’t appear as standard and may be a long ways from the normal result of the first MDGs. In this manner, President Buhari’s group is dealing with associations at the national and nearby level to encourage efficiency. THE EXTENT TO WHICH NIGERIA IS ACHIEVING THE GOOD SOCIETY COORDINATES: EQUALITY, EFFICIENCY, LIBERTY, AND COMMUNITY. Uniformity: In Nigeria, the Sustainable Development Goals is engaging all ladies and advancing sexual orientation equity also. They are attempting to end a wide range of segregation among ladies and young ladies. They accept that it is a fundamental ideal for young ladies and ladies to be dealt with a similar route as men. Uniformity is the premise of treating everybody the equivalent and not encroaching on the privileges of any person. As per Okorie Martha, ladies in Nigeria are likewise segregated on with regards to governmental issues and administration in Nigeria. She gives a situation where there was a political race held in Nigeria in Anambra State and was completely spoken to by a lady. He keeps on saying that, the ladies or females in that network were generally more than 326 however not by any means a solitary vote from every one of the ladies and every one of the men in that network and that indicated separation in that state. She additionally expresses that in Nigeria disparity in governmental issues and administration are bolstered by men against ladies as well as ladies against ladies and the Sustainable Development Goals in Nigeria are attempting to battle against this kind of imbalance. (Okere, 2017) Network: According to Muhammad Bello Shitu, who is an educator of the network advancement and advancement Diffusion and worldwide VP of the UK-based International Association for Community development(IACD), people group activity has the imminent to assist Nigeria with achieving its Sustainable Development Goals. While Shitu was talking at the gathering of the School for Rural Technology and Entrepreneurship Development(SORTED), at the Kano polytechnic, with the subject of ‘Reflections on the network Integration and the Attainment of Sustainable Development Goals in Nigeria,’ he made an affirmation that Nigeria must find the possibilities that are offered by the network advancement esteems so as to make the 2030 objectives progressively achievable. He says that the Community Development(CD), is the thing that supports the SDG’s and furthermore fortifies them so as to meet its objective. Along these lines, the Community Development must be actualized by the administration offices to make a progress in the usage of the SDG’s. He additionally keeps on saying that to accomplish the Sustainable Development Goals, in Nigeria, Nigerians must think worldwide yet act neighborhood in its doings. In achieving the Goals, the CD is significant and we should have the option to actualize it well. (Usman, 2017) Freedom in Nigeria Freedom: Nigeria initially is a law based state, and all things considered has a primary objective of guaranteeing the prosperity of its residents, through the assurance of their privileges and opportunity. Nigeria being a vote based country, it guarantees the privilege to freedom in articles 6, 8,10,14 ,16 and 37 of their constitution. In these articles the constitution guarantees the individual freedom of residents and discusses the degree to which the individual freedom of an individual can be denied in instances of detainment. In an article composed by Yinka Olomojobi, it expressed that, the Executive arm of government most on occasion allows detainment with preliminary, which is against the expressed traditions that must be adhered to. Besides, there is an absence of will by the legal executive to kill the tremendous measure of situations where the individual is kept without response to the time he/she ought to have served whenever indicted for the wrongdoing being referred to. (Olomojobi, n.d) In an article composed by Yomi Kareem, a reviewed led between 2005-2011, demonstrated that 72.5% of Nigeria detainees were serving time will anticipating preliminary and without being condemned. In article distributed by the human rights watch, HRW, it revealed the degenerate and unlawful acts of the Nigerian police which encroach on the freedom of residents. Some unlawful demonstrations included, misuse and detainment of driver after showdown of police over the issue of renumeration. Every one of these demonstrations show a disappointment in the Executive arm of Nigeria’s legislature in accomplishing genuine freedom. In spite of the fact that Nigeria has a low imprisonment pace of under 1% of its complete populace, freedom is flawed in the nation. Effectiveness in Nigeria Effectiveness: Nigeria is nation that actualizes entrepreneur ideas just as communist idea to shape a blended market economy. Nigeria rehearses a free market with state mediations. In an article distributed by the global diary of business showcase, the economy of Nigeria was dissected from 1961-2004, and ends were made that Nigeria’s regardless of having the potential prompting development, there has>GET ANSWER Let’s block ads! (Why?)