This statement illustrates that

_ study the brain by mapping which brain regions are involved in performing tasks, determining how brain chemicals direct behavior, and tracing how the brain…

_ study the brain by mapping which brain regions are involved in performing tasks, determining how brain chemicals direct behavior, and tracing how the brain develops throughout our lives.

a. Bioecological researchers

b. Neuroscientists

c. Contextualists

d. Evolutionary theorists

_ is an interdisciplinary venture that attracts biologists, chemists, psychologists, and computer scientists who want to understand the basic brain functions that underlie behavior.

a. Bioecological research

b. Neuroscience

c. Contextualist research

d. Evolutionary research

The _ is a procedure that detects brain activity by measuring changes in the level of oxygen in different parts of the brain.

a. electroencephalograph (EEG)

b. event-related potential (ERP)

c. functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)

d. positron emission tomographic (PET) scanning

Dr. Yeats is a neuroscientist, who is placing electrodes on the head of little nine-month-old Jessica, in order to measure the electrical activity generated by groups of neurons in different areas of her brain. Dr. Yeats is most likely using which procedure?

a. computed tomographic (CT) scanning

b. event-related potential (ERP)

c. functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)

d. positron emission tomographic (PET) scanning

Dr. Skene tells a colleague that with all the new advances in neuroscience that psychology will eventually become only “brain science.” This statement illustrates a fear of _, which is the belief the complicated phenomenon of human behavior will be simplified to chains of neural events.

a. contextualism

b. cognitive psychology

c. reductionism

d. the eclectic theoretical orientation

The _ controversy is the debate about whether our behavior is primarily due to heredity or the environment.

a. polygenic

b. bioecological

c. reductionism

d. nature-nurture

Nature refers to , while nurture refers to _.

a. one’s personality; parenting style

b. heredity; the environment

c. reductionism; an eclectic orientation

d. dominant-recessive inheritance; polygenic inheritance

People who like to think about heredity tend to be drawn to the perspective, whereas people who like to think about environmental influences tend to be drawn to the _ perspective.

a. evolutionary; learning

b. contextualist; cognitive

c. psychodynamic; evolutionary

d. bioecological; learning

Social skills influence people’s involvement in group activities, which contributes to their physical and cognitive growth. This statement illustrates that

a. nature plays a more important role in one’s overall development than nurture does.

b. nurture plays a more important role in one’s overall development than nature does.

c. for humans, socioemotional and cognitive factors determine one’s development.

d. physical, cognitive, and socioemotional development are interrelated.

When a condition or event has an effect on development at one point in time but not at a later point in time, this is referred to as a __ effect.

a. washout

b. sleeper

c. cohort

d. third variable problem
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