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cluding “psyche, sub¬jectivity, personality, consciousness,” as well as “scientific techniques and discourses, and the moral claims of humanism” (177). It is important to note that these concepts, “A real man, the object of knowledge, philosophical reflection or technical intervention,” have not been substituted for the soul but are developed based on the idea of the soul (177). Therefore, the technology of the “soul” that educationalists, psychologists, and psychi¬atrists generated failed to “conceal or to compensate” the technology of power over the body, for the former is, in fact, the tool of the latter (178). Time and space are the most basic elements of human life. Institutions such as schools and hospitals act like machines for transforming and managing people by fixing them in time and space and regulating the way people act and think. The ‘soul’ “inhabits the body and brings into existence”—the man that is to be freed, is already “the effect of a subjection much more profound than himself” (177). Therefore, it is wrong to see the soul as an illusion, or an ideo¬logical effect, it is rather an expression of a certain type of power or knowledge over the body. This historical reality of this soul is not born in sin and subject to punishment, it exists within the body by the mechanism of a power that is exercised on methods of supervision, correction, and constraints. As Foucault indicates, this real, noncorporal soul is not a substance, “The soul is the effect and instrument of a political anatomy; the soul is the prison of the body” (177). The body that was once the property of feudal societies, is now exercised by the power with a strategic position; its manifestations of domination are not achieved through “appropriation,” but through “dispositions, maneuvers, tactics, tech¬niques, functionings” (174). The body in relation with power should be interpreted in “a network of relations, constantly in tension, in activity” other than a privilege acquired by the dominant class; it is a perpetual battle instead of a contract>GET ANSWER Let’s block ads! (Why?)