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Select and evaluate a regulatory agency or accrediting body. Discuss the history of the agency or body.Explain the reason for its existence.Summarize the agency’s public…

Select and evaluate a regulatory agency or accrediting body.
Discuss the history of the agency or body.Explain the reason for its existence.Summarize the agency’s public reporting of quality indicators:FrequencyWhere they are reportedWhy public reporting of these metrics is importantExplain how the agency or body operates:Current functionOrganizational structureGovernanceAnalyze the impact the agency or body has on quality at each level of health care:Health care organizationsNursing practicePatient care

Sample Solution

This essay can first of all elucidate the assorted theories that debate art and culture. Broadly, they are: (1) Kant’s Aesthetic Judgments, (2) Danto’s Art World, (3) Bourdieu’s Art and contemporaneity, and (4) Adorno and Horkheimer’s Culture trade. These discussions are crucial to understanding: (1) the shifting definitions of art and culture, (2) the historical trajectories of art, and (3) society’s influence on art and the other way around. Following that, the essay can contextualise the theories to contemporary societies. This includes their implications on socio-cultural, -political, and –economic developments. Theory of Art Art may be a fluid conception that differs across eras, marked by changes in cultural, political and economic systems. Kant: Aesthetic Judgments Kant establishes the subsequent concepts: (1) nonpartisanship, (2) universal and necessary, and (3) ‘purposiveness while not purpose’. Disinterestedness suggests the chance of truth judgment of beauty as being fully intuitive. The conception of universal and necessary follows Kant’s assertions that although the judgment of style is subjective, it still maintains a universal validity (i.e. common sense). Lastly, “what differentiates the purposiveness related to an aesthetic judgment from alternative kinds of purposiveness is…its reflective movement that ne’er arrives at an idea. a sway is given to consciousness that has got to have a abstract cause, however no conception can ever be found as a result of the gorgeous has no concept”. (Dalton, 2015, p.7) Critique. Kant’s theory pays shut attention to art that evokes pleasure. However, his definition of art is taken into account restricted compared to contemporary art, which incorporates works that are neither lovely nor pleasing. this is often because of his whole conception of “purposiveness while not purpose”, that explains why some artworks evoke pleasure while not having to convey a selected message or plan. whereas Van Gogh’s “Starry Night” will account for this, alternative works of art like Picasso’s “Guernica” aim to precise a selected social or political message. Increasingly, art in up to date society puts forth social or political stances as art is employed as a platform to precise discontent. Art may be a comparatively safe platform for those who are marginalised or those whose voices would well be suppressed because of state’s heavy-handed policing in attempting to take care of stability and also the established order. Thus, Kant’s work doesn’t cover everything that we tend to presently perceive as “art”, and more and {more} loses relevancy as society steers off from pure pleasure in seek for more productive avenues of learning and resistance through art forms and expressions. Danto: The Art World According to Danto (1992), the role of the art world is to determine, uphold, preserve, and propagate the cultural class of art. It additionally induces the society to approve and believe the legitimacy of the art world’s power and right to try and do so (p.34-35). Critique. The notion of a singular art world is problematic. Art worlds ought to be seen as multiplicities of crossed , overlapping, self-similar art worlds, every expressing totally different views of the planet. they’re globally scattered, perpetually in flux, and generally in operation severally of every alternative. Art worlds will exist at the native and regional levels, as subcultures, via art markets, through gallery circuits, around style movements, on social media platforms, and as shared or perceived experiences. The one globalised, across-the-board art world exists solely as a story. This development is brought forth by the increase of globalization and capitalist economies. Bourdieu: Art and contemporaneity Bourdieu (1977) argues that the first element of contemporaneity is that the escalating and aggravating significance of the economy. especially, the barter system, or reciprocal exchange, has been replaced by the assembly and circulation of commodities. This ends up in Associate in Nursing enclosure of a sacred island of Art, with “the creative person as saint”, Associate in Nursingd an inversion of artefact values, wherever high sales aren’t any longer satisfactory measures of aesthetic worth. Bourdieu (1996) additionally revisits the transformation of creative autonomy inside capitalist contemporaneity, wherever “pure” art is contrasted with “commercial” style (p.169), wherever the latter is assumed to be negative. Another reason for the modified role of the humanities in society is its increasing significance inside the tutorial establishment. the humanities is recognised because the means that to work out the cream of the crop, and by that the powerful, higher categories guarantee and manage their social inheritance. Art, after all, may be a symbolic sensible wherever “legitimate” or “good” style belongs to the aristocrats. As compared to kids of lower and middle categories, those happiness to the socio-economic class in hand, through deposit excursions and journeys to the libraries, bigger cultural capital that allowed them to require advantage of the educational system. (Bourdieu, 1984; Fowler, 1999, p.1) Critique. Bourdieu’s theory of social copy, that accounts for the role of cultural capital in maintaining category inequalities in instructional attainment is greatly restricted once applied in up to date societies. this is often because of instructional growth, wherever upward instructional quality is extensively promoted. Thus, kids from all social backgrounds are currently for the most part equally exposed to instructional opportunities. Art ought to be seen less as Associate in Nursing indicator of sophistication variations. Adorno & Horkheimer: The Culture trade “Culture industry” describes the commoditisation of art and culture because of the increase of market economy, and shifting strategies of production – from artisanal to industrial stage. The culture trade produces standardised product, in accordance with the stress of the capitalism, by changing art into inferior kinds of amusement. It cements its audience to existing state of affairs, restricts freedom and individuality, and transforms culture into means that of power and management. (During, p.31) Unlike the product of the culture trade, they argued for the emancipatory potential of ‘autonomous’ art. They believed in its ability to gift a utopian society, that man will aim to realize. This ends up in Associate in Nursing emancipatory character. it’s additionally achieved once the art made aligns with the thought of ‘functionlessness’ (i.e. l’art pour l’art). Additionally, they argued that monopoly market economy resulted within the commoditisation of art and culture. Art was now not created for its sake, but rather, for its moneymaking capacities. Those authoritatively began manufacturing commonplace and rational kinds of art and culture, that suited society’s preferences and expectations. These kinds of art and culture are consumed senselessly, creating the audience passive and unsympathetic once antecedently, society was additional crucial in their actions and reflections. (Klinger, 2012) Critique. What Adorno and Horkheimer did not take into account is that the chance of enlightenment via new kinds of amusement and mass media. This counters their extremist read that everything is standardised. In up to date society, we tend to see this within the emergence of the hipster/indie scene. Art and culture that arise from this social group are recognised as being outside the thought, and promote totally different political and cultural views. they’re created to question and resist the established order, and infrequently target the additional intellectual aspect of society—those that have bigger cultural capital. Additionally, there’s bigger support for freelance filmmakers, with the increase of non-profit organisations like the Sundance Institute. This redistributes power off from the large pic studios, like film maker, Sony and Universal, that frame the marketplace within the industry. This delicate kind of resistance suggests that art and culture have the capability to be quite simply mindless amusement and pleasure. Thus, Adorno and Horkheimer’s insistence on a divided relationship between high art and in style, commoditised art ought to be reconsidered. Discussion: therefore, what’s Art? Art may be a troublesome conception to understand and outline. it’s not static, and changes simply because it interacts with the setting. whilst we tend to take into account varied theoretical bases, we will extract their flaws and incompatibility with up to date understandings of art. The greatest turning purpose for art was the emergence of market economy. It diminished the conception of purity and autonomy, and led to the obsession and preoccupation with separating high art from in style art. Societies these days stay for the most part ambivalent, however to a precise degree, still respect the potential of the culture trade. Art isn’t simply paintings and sculptures, however additionally tattoos, nail styles and graffiti. The class of art continues to expand as societies take a additional broad-minded approach, and recognise that art is also something that involves an ingenious method. Art has additionally evolved into some way of life, wherever Associate in Nursingyone and everybody may be an creative person. It goes on the far side the thought of the creative person as genius, significantly lonely, isolated, neurotic and uncontrollable. Today, the creative person is well integrated into thought society with the appearance of technology, breaking the conception of Associate in Nursing elite art world. we tend to don’t realize art and artists solely in museums and galleries, however we tend to additionally realize them on YouTube and Instagram. There also are self-taught artists that now not consider art faculties for credibleness and legitimacy. Thus, art isn’t an issue that may be concretised. it’ll still modification and develop in step with social mores, that additionally transforms in step with economic and political climates. This then brings US to future section: why will art matter sociologically? Art and Society It has been through persistent arts support that establishments currently recognise the key role the humanities will play in formation cultural identity whereas deepening community development. Art is valued as a method of achieving humanistic and moral ends, and as a political instrument by governments. Socio-Cultural Implications Art is Associate in Nursing more and more rare house wherever the problems and ideologies that impact society may be explored and questioned safely. “The method of participating with or making art is communicative , restorative, and reflective. It creates an area for analysis and observation of thoughts and emotions, and opens a channel for purposeful expression.” the humanities profit mental and emotional welfare, moreover as social connections, significantly among underclass folks. It additionally fosters the creation of a socially aware, healthy and resilient population. (Harper, 2017) Socio-Political Implications Art’s open channel for purposeful expression will elicit modification, although generally unwarranted by the state. This ends up in the implementation of policies that ensures that art is completed inside state boundaries. However, these boundaries are ne’er mounted, and alter in step with political interests. This issue in pinpointing the boundaries may be elucidated supported censorship practices. Censorship. Censorship permits the state to be the choose of what’s within the public’s interest. something that’s seemed to be threatening, uncomplimentary or vulgar is straight away suppressed and prohibited from being given to society. The state leaves no area for the society to create their own interpretations, for concern of unwanted misconceptions and social uprisings. (Tan, 2014) The state is exceptionally cautious once it comes all the way down to works and performances that involve racial and non secular discourses and ideologies. Art practitioners in Singapore have criticised the rejection or termination of funds for works that oppose or provoke the state as Associate in Nursing agent of censorship. They demanded that funding for the humanities ought to be shielded from social or political forces. However, the govt. contends that tax revenues shouldn’t be used and distributed to works that threaten or oppose national values. (Ho, 2017) mistreatment the cash in an exceedingly approach that will probably destabilise the social material is seen as a breach of integrity. Works should so fall inside the scope of the law. Anyone WHO goes against it, or provokes feelings of animus among or inside communities are created accountable. (Tan, 2014) However, the role of the creative person is to come up with new ideas and make Associate in Nursing open house for productive discussions between members of the general public. whereas they’ll cause discomfort, the humanities still stay a secure avenue wherever contentious problems may be mentioned and tackled. (Tan, 2014) Singapore’s adoption of soppy absolutism makes it troublesome to search out a middle ground between state’s tries at fostering the humanities and culture, and state’s interests in perpetuating the socio-political established order (Ooi, 2010, p.408-9). Socio-Economic Implications The most obvious instance of the merger of art and economy is that the world rise of the artistic cluster. instead of having the 2 in isolation, states get ways in which to integrate the 2 in a trial to come up with aggressiveness and concepts via innovation. The artistic cluster. The artistic cluster may be understood as industries that utilises individual power, ability and talent so as to come up with wealth and employment. (Toh et al., 2003, p.51) This involves the approaching along of the humanities, business and technology. There are 3 approaches to shaping the scope of the artistic cluster: the ‘cultural industries’ approach; the ‘creative industries’ approach; and also the ‘copyright industries’ approach. (p.52) For the aim of this essay, the cultural and artistic industries are the first focus. The artistic economy has typically been connected to cultural policy as a result of the thought of ‘creative’ is usually similar with ‘artistic’ and ‘culture’. However, in Singapore, cultural development has been overshadowed by its economic development. The arts, before 1985, was primarily a social voice that expedited diversity, nation building and multi-racialism. After 1985, the nation’s creative and cultural activities were promoted as a result of they given economic potential. Singapore began to include artistic activities as a part of its economic development, with the principle of diversifying approaches toward development.>

This essay can first of all elucidate the assorted theories that debate art and culture. Broadly, they are: (1) Kant’s Aesthetic Judgments, (2) Danto’s Art World, (3) Bourdieu’s Art and contemporaneity, and (4) Adorno and Horkheimer’s Culture trade. These discussions are crucial to understanding: (1) the shifting definitions of art and culture, (2) the historical trajectories of art, and (3) society’s influence on art and the other way around. Following that, the essay can contextualise the theories to contemporary societies. This includes their implications on socio-cultural, -political, and –economic developments. Theory of Art Art may be a fluid conception that differs across eras, marked by changes in cultural, political and economic systems. Kant: Aesthetic Judgments Kant establishes the subsequent concepts: (1) nonpartisanship, (2) universal and necessary, and (3) ‘purposiveness while not purpose’. Disinterestedness suggests the chance of truth judgment of beauty as being fully intuitive. The conception of universal and necessary follows Kant’s assertions that although the judgment of style is subjective, it still maintains a universal validity (i.e. common sense). Lastly, “what differentiates the purposiveness related to an aesthetic judgment from alternative kinds of purposiveness is…its reflective movement that ne’er arrives at an idea. a sway is given to consciousness that has got to have a abstract cause, however no conception can ever be found as a result of the gorgeous has no concept”. (Dalton, 2015, p.7) Critique. Kant’s theory pays shut attention to art that evokes pleasure. However, his definition of art is taken into account restricted compared to contemporary art, which incorporates works that are neither lovely nor pleasing. this is often because of his whole conception of “purposiveness while not purpose”, that explains why some artworks evoke pleasure while not having to convey a selected message or plan. whereas Van Gogh’s “Starry Night” will account for this, alternative works of art like Picasso’s “Guernica” aim to precise a selected social or political message. Increasingly, art in up to date society puts forth social or political stances as art is employed as a platform to precise discontent. Art may be a comparatively safe platform for those who are marginalised or those whose voices would well be suppressed because of state’s heavy-handed policing in attempting to take care of stability and also the established order. Thus, Kant’s work doesn’t cover everything that we tend to presently perceive as “art”, and more and {more} loses relevancy as society steers off from pure pleasure in seek for more productive avenues of learning and resistance through art forms and expressions. Danto: The Art World According to Danto (1992), the role of the art world is to determine, uphold, preserve, and propagate the cultural class of art. It additionally induces the society to approve and believe the legitimacy of the art world’s power and right to try and do so (p.34-35). Critique. The notion of a singular art world is problematic. Art worlds ought to be seen as multiplicities of crossed , overlapping, self-similar art worlds, every expressing totally different views of the planet. they’re globally scattered, perpetually in flux, and generally in operation severally of every alternative. Art worlds will exist at the native and regional levels, as subcultures, via art markets, through gallery circuits, around style movements, on social media platforms, and as shared or perceived experiences. The one globalised, across-the-board art world exists solely as a story. This development is brought forth by the increase of globalization and capitalist economies. Bourdieu: Art and contemporaneity Bourdieu (1977) argues that the first element of contemporaneity is that the escalating and aggravating significance of the economy. especially, the barter system, or reciprocal exchange, has been replaced by the assembly and circulation of commodities. This ends up in Associate in Nursing enclosure of a sacred island of Art, with “the creative person as saint”, Associate in Nursingd an inversion of artefact values, wherever high sales aren’t any longer satisfactory measures of aesthetic worth. Bourdieu (1996) additionally revisits the transformation of creative autonomy inside capitalist contemporaneity, wherever “pure” art is contrasted with “commercial” style (p.169), wherever the latter is assumed to be negative. Another reason for the modified role of the humanities in society is its increasing significance inside the tutorial establishment. the humanities is recognised because the means that to work out the cream of the crop, and by that the powerful, higher categories guarantee and manage their social inheritance. Art, after all, may be a symbolic sensible wherever “legitimate” or “good” style belongs to the aristocrats. As compared to kids of lower and middle categories, those happiness to the socio-economic class in hand, through deposit excursions and journeys to the libraries, bigger cultural capital that allowed them to require advantage of the educational system. (Bourdieu, 1984; Fowler, 1999, p.1) Critique. Bourdieu’s theory of social copy, that accounts for the role of cultural capital in maintaining category inequalities in instructional attainment is greatly restricted once applied in up to date societies. this is often because of instructional growth, wherever upward instructional quality is extensively promoted. Thus, kids from all social backgrounds are currently for the most part equally exposed to instructional opportunities. Art ought to be seen less as Associate in Nursing indicator of sophistication variations. Adorno & Horkheimer: The Culture trade “Culture industry” describes the commoditisation of art and culture because of the increase of market economy, and shifting strategies of production – from artisanal to industrial stage. The culture trade produces standardised product, in accordance with the stress of the capitalism, by changing art into inferior kinds of amusement. It cements its audience to existing state of affairs, restricts freedom and individuality, and transforms culture into means that of power and management. (During, p.31) Unlike the product of the culture trade, they argued for the emancipatory potential of ‘autonomous’ art. They believed in its ability to gift a utopian society, that man will aim to realize. This ends up in Associate in Nursing emancipatory character. it’s additionally achieved once the art made aligns with the thought of ‘functionlessness’ (i.e. l’art pour l’art). Additionally, they argued that monopoly market economy resulted within the commoditisation of art and culture. Art was now not created for its sake, but rather, for its moneymaking capacities. Those authoritatively began manufacturing commonplace and rational kinds of art and culture, that suited society’s preferences and expectations. These kinds of art and culture are consumed senselessly, creating the audience passive and unsympathetic once antecedently, society was additional crucial in their actions and reflections. (Klinger, 2012) Critique. What Adorno and Horkheimer did not take into account is that the chance of enlightenment via new kinds of amusement and mass media. This counters their extremist read that everything is standardised. In up to date society, we tend to see this within the emergence of the hipster/indie scene. Art and culture that arise from this social group are recognised as being outside the thought, and promote totally different political and cultural views. they’re created to question and resist the established order, and infrequently target the additional intellectual aspect of society—those that have bigger cultural capital. Additionally, there’s bigger support for freelance filmmakers, with the increase of non-profit organisations like the Sundance Institute. This redistributes power off from the large pic studios, like film maker, Sony and Universal, that frame the marketplace within the industry. This delicate kind of resistance suggests that art and culture have the capability to be quite simply mindless amusement and pleasure. Thus, Adorno and Horkheimer’s insistence on a divided relationship between high art and in style, commoditised art ought to be reconsidered. Discussion: therefore, what’s Art? Art may be a troublesome conception to understand and outline. it’s not static, and changes simply because it interacts with the setting. whilst we tend to take into account varied theoretical bases, we will extract their flaws and incompatibility with up to date understandings of art. The greatest turning purpose for art was the emergence of market economy. It diminished the conception of purity and autonomy, and led to the obsession and preoccupation with separating high art from in style art. Societies these days stay for the most part ambivalent, however to a precise degree, still respect the potential of the culture trade. Art isn’t simply paintings and sculptures, however additionally tattoos, nail styles and graffiti. The class of art continues to expand as societies take a additional broad-minded approach, and recognise that art is also something that involves an ingenious method. Art has additionally evolved into some way of life, wherever Associate in Nursingyone and everybody may be an creative person. It goes on the far side the thought of the creative person as genius, significantly lonely, isolated, neurotic and uncontrollable. Today, the creative person is well integrated into thought society with the appearance of technology, breaking the conception of Associate in Nursing elite art world. we tend to don’t realize art and artists solely in museums and galleries, however we tend to additionally realize them on YouTube and Instagram. There also are self-taught artists that now not consider art faculties for credibleness and legitimacy. Thus, art isn’t an issue that may be concretised. it’ll still modification and develop in step with social mores, that additionally transforms in step with economic and political climates. This then brings US to future section: why will art matter sociologically? Art and Society It has been through persistent arts support that establishments currently recognise the key role the humanities will play in formation cultural identity whereas deepening community development. Art is valued as a method of achieving humanistic and moral ends, and as a political instrument by governments. Socio-Cultural Implications Art is Associate in Nursing more and more rare house wherever the problems and ideologies that impact society may be explored and questioned safely. “The method of participating with or making art is communicative , restorative, and reflective. It creates an area for analysis and observation of thoughts and emotions, and opens a channel for purposeful expression.” the humanities profit mental and emotional welfare, moreover as social connections, significantly among underclass folks. It additionally fosters the creation of a socially aware, healthy and resilient population. (Harper, 2017) Socio-Political Implications Art’s open channel for purposeful expression will elicit modification, although generally unwarranted by the state. This ends up in the implementation of policies that ensures that art is completed inside state boundaries. However, these boundaries are ne’er mounted, and alter in step with political interests. This issue in pinpointing the boundaries may be elucidated supported censorship practices. Censorship. Censorship permits the state to be the choose of what’s within the public’s interest. something that’s seemed to be threatening, uncomplimentary or vulgar is straight away suppressed and prohibited from being given to society. The state leaves no area for the society to create their own interpretations, for concern of unwanted misconceptions and social uprisings. (Tan, 2014) The state is exceptionally cautious once it comes all the way down to works and performances that involve racial and non secular discourses and ideologies. Art practitioners in Singapore have criticised the rejection or termination of funds for works that oppose or provoke the state as Associate in Nursing agent of censorship. They demanded that funding for the humanities ought to be shielded from social or political forces. However, the govt. contends that tax revenues shouldn’t be used and distributed to works that threaten or oppose national values. (Ho, 2017) mistreatment the cash in an exceedingly approach that will probably destabilise the social material is seen as a breach of integrity. Works should so fall inside the scope of the law. Anyone WHO goes against it, or provokes feelings of animus among or inside communities are created accountable. (Tan, 2014) However, the role of the creative person is to come up with new ideas and make Associate in Nursing open house for productive discussions between members of the general public. whereas they’ll cause discomfort, the humanities still stay a secure avenue wherever contentious problems may be mentioned and tackled. (Tan, 2014) Singapore’s adoption of soppy absolutism makes it troublesome to search out a middle ground between state’s tries at fostering the humanities and culture, and state’s interests in perpetuating the socio-political established order (Ooi, 2010, p.408-9). Socio-Economic Implications The most obvious instance of the merger of art and economy is that the world rise of the artistic cluster. instead of having the 2 in isolation, states get ways in which to integrate the 2 in a trial to come up with aggressiveness and concepts via innovation. The artistic cluster. The artistic cluster may be understood as industries that utilises individual power, ability and talent so as to come up with wealth and employment. (Toh et al., 2003, p.51) This involves the approaching along of the humanities, business and technology. There are 3 approaches to shaping the scope of the artistic cluster: the ‘cultural industries’ approach; the ‘creative industries’ approach; and also the ‘copyright industries’ approach. (p.52) For the aim of this essay, the cultural and artistic industries are the first focus. The artistic economy has typically been connected to cultural policy as a result of the thought of ‘creative’ is usually similar with ‘artistic’ and ‘culture’. However, in Singapore, cultural development has been overshadowed by its economic development. The arts, before 1985, was primarily a social voice that expedited diversity, nation building and multi-racialism. After 1985, the nation’s creative and cultural activities were promoted as a result of they given economic potential. Singapore began to include artistic activities as a part of its economic development, with the principle of diversifying approaches toward development.>
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