AnonymousYour submission will answer the set of questions for each Scenario in APA format (cover page, double-spaced, etc.).
Each scenario case should meet the requirement of at least one page. To meet APA format rules requires a cover page. You may use the text without citation or reference; use of any other source requires both in-text citation and inclusion in references. For a submission that does not use any other materials beyond the text, you will have one page of cover, one to two pages of text per scenario. Use of references will require a reference page.
Decision Scenario 1
When Prayer Is Not Enough
“You’ll feel better soon,”Marylyn Tauber told her 8-year-old son Madison.“God doesn’t let bad things happen to people who believe in Him with all their heart, all their mind, and all their strength.”
Madison said nothing, but from his bed, he looked up at her with eyes that were dull. His lips were dry and cracked, and his face a dusky red. He didn’t seem to understand her. She put a hand on Madison’s cheek. He was burning with fever, and she wondered if it would be all right for her to put a cool washcloth on his forehead. Madison had been ill for three days. He had come home from school with a flushed face and a sore throat. She thought it was just another one of those summer colds he was always getting. But he’d gotten worse, not better. And his temperature was 102oF the last time she had taken it. She had given him ice and tried to get him to drink some Coke, but he hadn’t wanted anything since.
“I’ve been praying for you night and day,” Marylyn said. She tried to sound cheerful so she could lift Madi- son’s spirits. “I know God loves little boys, and he is going to heal you before long.”
She had to keep believing that, because she couldn’t face the possibility that Madison might die. He might, of course, if that were God’s will. But she wasn’t sure she was a good enough person to accept God’s will without complaint. She was frightened, but she knew she had to do the right thing. She couldn’t take him to a doctor without admitting that everything she believed was false.
We can assume that Marylyn loves Madison and wants to do what is best for him. She believes that prayer, not seeking medical help, is the best thing for Madison. Should parents always be the ones to decide what is in the best interest of their child?If Madison dies, should Marylyn be charged with a crime?The state places some limits on the expression of religious beliefs. We do not, for example, permit human or animal sacrifices. Should we require parents to seek medical assistance for their child when the child becomes ill, even if this means violating their religious beliefs?
Decision Scenario 2
Baby vs. Mom
Angela Carter was diagnosed as having bone cancer when she was 13 years old. Over the following years, she received a variety of treatments and underwent surgery several times. In one operation, her leg was amputated. By the time she was 27, the cancer had been in remission for three years, and she became pregnant. Twenty-five weeks into the pregnancy, she went for a routine checkup, and her physician discovered a large tumor in a lung. She was told she might have only days to live. She was admitted to George Washington Hospital, and five days later her condition worsened.
Despite the objections of Angela, her family, and even her physician, the hospital decided to attempt to save the developing child. The hospital went to court, and at a hearing staff physicians stated that, despite the feet that the fetus was only twenty-six weeks old, there was a fifty to sixty percent percent chance that it would survive if a cesarean section was performed. Furthermore, they estimated that there was less than a twenty percent chance that the child would be disabled. The physicians also testified that the surgery would increase the chances of Angela Carter’s death.
The hospital obtained a court order, which was immediately appealed. Because the case demanded a quick resolution, the three judges on the appeals court consulted by telephone. The whole process, hearing and appeal, took less than six hours. During this time, the hospital had ordered Angela prepared for surgery.
The appeals court let the lower court ruling stand, and Angela underwent the court-ordered surgery. The child, a girl, lived for only two hours. Angela lived for two days. The surgery was listed as a contributing cause of her death.
On what grounds might one object to the court- ordered surgery?Is there any reason to view this case as different from ones involving drug abuse by a pregnant woman? That is, are the issues the same in both kinds of cases?Suppose Angela Carter had been further along in her pregnancy so that the chance of her child’s survival was virtually certain and that she refused to have a cesarean birth. Would it be right to force her to have a cesarean delivery against her will?Consider the claim that although a woman has a right to seek an abortion, if she decides to carry the fetus to term, then it has a right to have her pro- mote its best interest. Is this position consistent?
Decision Scenario 3
“Has any close relative, like your mother, sister, or a grandmother, ever died of breast cancer?”Dr. Susan Jolan asked.
“No one,”Lola A’tibe said.“But I want to be tested for the gene anyway. I’m 40 years old and very health conscious, so I’d like to do everything I can to protect myself from breast cancer.”
“I understand your motive,”Dr. Jolan said.“I’ll arrange for you to be tested for both the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes as soon as possible.”
Is Dr. Jolan responding properly to her patient’s concerns? Why or why not?Private companies have developed genetic tests that can be administered to whoever wants them and can pay for them. Why might critics object to this service?If a woman is found to be the carrier of one of the mutated genes that cause breast cancer, this does not mean that she will develop breast cancer. It does mean that she is at greater risk than other women. Is this the sort of information a woman might find worth having?
Decision Scenario 4
A Duty to Tell or to Remain Silent?
“Dr. Gress, two of the people we tested for heart disease also turned out positive for the APOe gene,”Clara Chang said.“Do we have an obligation to notify them that they are at risk of developing Alzheimer’s?”
“Absolutely not,”Charles Gress said.“We have an obligation not to notify them. What good would it do for them to know they’re at risk for a disease that can’t be prevented and can’t be treated? It would only cause them distress and unhappiness.”
Is Dr. Gress’s position morally legitimate?Does the fact that the knowledge was acquired accidentally as part of a research program and not at the request of the individuals relieve the investigators of any obligation to inform the test subjects of any genetic discoveries about them?Could Dr. Gress’s position be considered paternalistic? If so, how might we recommend that the genetic information about individual patients be handled?Some hold that sometimes patients have a duty to know their genetic status, even if they would prefer not to. Might an investigator have a duty to inform a patient of his status, even if the patient has said he doesn’t want to know the outcome of a test?
Decision Scenario 5
“I’m going to sell my sperm for the simple reason that I need the money,” John Lolton said. “It’s no big deal.”
“I think it is,” Jane Cooper said. “You seem to think its like selling your blood, but it isn’t. If somebody is transfused with your blood, that’s an end to things. But if a woman is inseminated with your sperm, a child may result.”
“I don’t have any responsibilities for what people do with my sperm,” Lolton replied. “It’s just a product.”
“Not so,” Cooper said. “It’s a product all right, but if its used in artificial insemination, that means that you’re the father of a child. And if you’re the father of a child, that means you have to be willing to accept responsibility for that child.”
“That is absolute nonsense,” Lolton said.
If sperm is just a product, is Lolton correct in saying that he has no responsibilities for its use?State as explicitly as possible Cooper’s argument that a sperm donor is responsible for any child re- sulting from AI with his donated sperm.We expect biological parents to take responsibility for their offspring. Can a departure from this standard be justified when the child is born as a result of donated sperm or a donated egg?Are there instances in which AI would be morally wrong? What is the moral status of a child conceived by AI?Ova as well as sperm may be donated. Although women get paid more, on what grounds might one argue that they are exploited while men are not?
Decision Scenario 6
Embryo = Person?
“I’m curious,” Lois Ramer said. “What happens to the eggs you take from me that get fertilized but not implanted?”
“We donate them to other women,” Dr. Martha Herman said.
“Oh,” Lois Ramer said, sounding surprised. “I don’t want that to happen.”
“Why is that?”
“Because they belong to my husband and me, and implanting them into other women would be like giv- ing our children away.”
“But an egg isn’t a person,” Dr. Herman said.
Is it necessary to think that a fertilized egg is equivalent to a person to agree with Lois Ramer’s objection? Construct an argument supporting her position.
Article Outline The earth where people find out about the governmental issues of bodies and the norms of magnificence are soaked inside society and establishments (Poran, 2002). The standards that characterize excellence are socially and socially developed and through the procedure of socialization learned and passed on by people everything being equal, races, and nationalities (Poran 2002). For instance, the media and different excellence businesses assume a critical job in making negative and positive originations about magnificence. Magnificence standards, desires and guidelines influence different individuals, some more than others (Marway 2017). Regularly what is viewed as wonderful are socially and racially depended. Along these lines, this paper intends to address the accompanying examination question: what are the originations of race and magnificence? For a considerable length of time, light complexion has been viewed as the magnificence standard and unrivaled race in numerous pieces of the world. The oppressive and racial orders of shading uncover the association among decency and magnificence, murkiness and ugliness (Marway 2017). Consequently, this paper contends excellence incorporates whatever fits in with the Western and Eurocentric originations of magnificence, light complexion and thin body, which is epitomized by numerous racialized gatherings and exhibits that the individuals who don’t satisfy these guidelines experience low confidence, trashing, and absence of social acknowledgment without anyone else and others. Studies uncover that racialized bunches characterize excellence as far as Western and Eurocentric standards and express the craving to fit in with it. Besides, concentrates additionally represent that racialized ladies characterize magnificence as ‘tall’, ‘thin’ and ‘white’, and experience vilification and absence of social acknowledgment when they don’t have these characteristics. The instance of Barbie fortifies these excellence standards and represents through a doll what magnificence and engaging quality comprise of; light complexion and thin body. Case Summary Ages youngsters have been raised playing with the popular Barbie and Ken Fashion dolls. Barbie was the main doll that showed the ideal body, abdomen size 0, skin shading, and long smooth hair authorizing ridiculous excellence standards (Unknown 2017).The doll got analysis from guardians and media in regards to the unreasonable magnificence desires focused at little youngsters, yet Mattel Inc. the proprietor of Barbie, sold over a billion dolls making Barbie the organization’s biggest and most beneficial line (Unknown 2017). In 2006, an examination from the University of Sussex found that slim and reasonable dolls like Barbie made negative and destructive body discernments for little youngsters and prompted low confidence (Unknown 2017). In the examination, every one of the 162 members announced the craving to look like Barbie and had exemplified the ridiculous excellence standards (Unknown 2017). In any case, subsequent to being the focal point of controversary for a long time, Mattel Inc. rebranded Barbie and discharged another business that spreads a positive, not so much shallow, but rather more sensible message about excellence (Bondareff 2010). The business urges little youngsters to be or do anything without agonizing over the social excellence standards. Mattel Inc. made a doll with brown complexion appearance and dark dreadlocks breaking the chain of blonde and reasonable Barbie dolls (Bondareff 2010). In spite of the fact that Mattel Inc. has made strides towards changing the ridiculous magnificence observations by making assorted dolls with various hair surfaces and skin hues, the doll despite everything seeks after the thin self-perception (Bondareff 2010). This case is noteworthy for improvement of this examination question as it shows the unpredictable relations among race and magnificence. Whiteness and slimness are seen as magnificence standards which are upheld and standardized in the public arena. Different types of enterprises, markets, and organizations screen originations of excellence through articles and seek after the origination that magnificence is much the same as light complexion, long smooth hair, and slenderness. Subsequently, the individuals who don’t relate to these thoughts of excellence, regardless of whether is it skin shading, hair surface or body size, see themselves as not wonderful. Explained Bibliography Ali, M. Mir, John A. Rizzo and Frank W. Heiland. 2013. “Enormous and Beautiful? Proof of Racial Contrasts in The Perceived Attractiveness of Obese Females.” Journal of Adolescence, 36(3): 539-549. This article affirms that physical appearance, particularly being alluring, is an important and conspicuous resource much of the time of human connection. People decisions of others’ appearances are connected to body sizes which are relied upon and affected by an unpredictable arrangement of social and social qualities and standards. Flimsy bodies are assessed as they are in accordance with excellence standards while overweight bodies are vilified. The creators investigate the connection between body weight, race and thoughts of appeal. They theorize that on different components of engaging quality, white young ladies and dark young ladies will be positioned distinctively dependent on body loads. Information for this investigation was drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health with an example comprising of 5947 white and dark young ladies matured 12 to 18. Results demonstrate that white young ladies were bound to be positioned genuinely appealing and portrayed as having an alluring character than dark young ladies. The article reasons that overweight and stout young ladies are less inclined to be seen as appealing, all around prepared and having an affable character contrasted with slim young ladies. The demonization of overweight and stout young ladies was progressively pervasive among dark young ladies; notwithstanding, overweight white young ladies face more disgrace than overweight dark young ladies and this is because of the idea that every single white young lady are assumed and expected to be meager and delightful. Ali et al’s. article shows that physical appearance decides how an individual is seen by others and whether this individual fulfills the guidelines of magnificence. White young ladies are consequently seen as progressively wonderful, and this even goes the extent that expecting they have an increasingly amiable character. Overweight dark young ladies face vilification, anyway this disgrace is more awful for white young ladies as a result of racial magnificence desires. Subsequently, this article offers help for the examination question in evaluating how originations of race and excellence are shaped and related. Davis, S. Dawnavan, Tracy Sbrocco, Angela Odoms-Young and Dionne M. Smith. 2010. “Engaging quality in African American and Caucasian Women: Is Beauty in the Eyes of the Observer?” Eating Behaviors, 11(1): 25-32. This article looks to break down the connection and impact body size, race, and dress clothing has on thoughts of engaging quality. The looks into guess that African American ladies may not disguise the Western originations and guidelines of excellence and allure contrasted with Caucasian Americans. The examination led included 160 members (80 African American; 80 Caucasian American) which were enrolled from paper promotions, holy places, and network based association in Washington DC. The Model Rating Task (MRT) was utilized in this investigation to gauge the tallness and weight of the members. Results show that 81.7% of the members that were underweight and ordinary weight were Caucasian ladies, while 69.0% of the members that were overweight and hefty were African ladies. The two gatherings had comparative originations of engaging quality. In spite of the theory, African American ladies saw more slender and slimmer young ladies as progressively alluring, in this way, had exemplified the Western ultra-flimsy body standard. Curiously, both Caucasian and dark ladies characterized darker skin composition as progressively alluring however just when the lady is thin. The investigation infers that African Americans meaning of appeal, in the past characterized as having stunning hips that communicates their womanliness more, have begun to relocate towards Western perspectives on excellence and engaging quality held by Caucasian ladies who characterize allure as having a slight and thin body.>GET ANSWER Let’s block ads! (Why?)